Cities during the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century showed great increase in population in Britain and created terrible conditions for the poor working class and their families. These unbelievably harsh living conditions can be seen on image 1 and 3 where families are forced to live in an overcrowded and inadequate room. There was a very high demand of houses and many were constructed in terraced rows that can be seen in image 4. Some of these houses had just a small yard at the rear where an outside toilet was placed. Others were ‘back to back’ without yard as shown in image 2. The people who lived in cities needed cheap homes as the Industrial Revolution continued to grow.
In Elizabethan times, living conditions of an everyday townsman was quite indecent. Elizabethan’s lived in houses that were extremely close to one another, which made it quite easy to disregard such a necessity to keep the streets and living surroundings clean.
The Industrial Revolution in the 19th and 20th centuries had a great impact on the economy of North America in positive and negative ways. There were many inventions that contributed to the efficient completion of work tasks during the Industrial Revolution. In so doing, these inventions led to a significant growth in the economy and a dramatic improvement in the quality of life of people during that era and beyond. With the creation of jobs, the Industrial Revolution sophisticated North America, in that, “Many people moved away from the rural areas and turned to the cities” (Industrial Revolution Timeline). With some experiencing more wealth they were able to move out of the city, “By building mansions on large plots of land at the edges of the cities or in the countryside” (Urbanization of America). The poorer individuals moved into the old houses transformed to low-rent apartments by affluent landlords who did not maintain these properties well and there was overcrowding causing the spread of diseases. The growth of the city out-proportioned local government services, “The growth of cities outpaced the ability of local governments to extend clean water, garbage collection, and sewage systems into poorer areas, so conditions in cities deteriorated” (Urbanization of America). The Industrial Revolution had a great impact on North
Prior to the industrial revolution people rarely experienced change. It was an extremely different place than it is now. During the industrial revolution there was a radical change in the socioeconomic and cultural conditions. People in majority were farmers since they didn’t have any technology everybody had to grow their own food. They were interdependent in maintaining all their necessities, mainly in their local communities because of the difficulty in distant transportation because they had no motorized vehicles. In villages there were private and public lands and in most there was no separating fence. In the public lands or village commons villagers could gather wood or have their livestock graze in the pastures and sum of the less wealthy farmers would even produce crops from it. The rich landowners lived on enormous estates and giant houses, cottages, and massive barns and huge fields. They also had servants who did whatever they wanted. However the people who rented land from them had quite a controversial life style. They often had to live with the farm animals they raised and a considerable amount lived in tinny, smoky, ill lighten, cottages.
The Industrial Revolution in Britain’s history is marked as the period of great development that led to the modern era of growth, improved living standards and technology. Moreover, this revolution was not just limited to Britain; it affected the rest of Europe and America in the same positive manner. Due to the Industrial Revolution’s success in many countries, it is now commonly cited as the surest way for a country to develop. In economics, goals of a developed country are high production of goods, high Gross Domestic Product (GDP), low unemployment and sustained growth; during an Industrial Revolution all these are achieved. However, despite the main goal of IR to improve living standards for the population, the actual success when weighed against the social cost is debatable. It is accepted that IR improved the living standards of many; it created a new class, which Marx called the “bourgeoisie”, who had control over wealth, decisions and helped improve the lives of many others. However, many historians view this new class as “rapacious landlords and conscienceless capitalist[s]”  who exploited the working class for their own benefit. For a majority of “the working class… ‘Industrial Revolution’ … must have appeared… as a gigantic and cruel experiment, which, insofar as it was affecting their house, their health, their subsistence and their pleasure, was proving a calamitous failure” . Therefore, this group will be examined to determine more general effects of IR on the society.
...the poor were supposed to be upgraded by industrial innovations; but, on the other hand, company waste and inadequate working conditions, exploitation, took a severe toll on the very people this revolution was supposed to help. The mass presence of disease was due to the degradation of society. Poor conditions of various institutions, a side effect of the revolution, presented a dangerous risk of exposure for lower, working class families. Tuberculosis and typhus fever were painful, contagious, and long-lasting epidemics that killed people of all classes. Naturally, the lower classes suffered the most. The upper classes reaped the financial benefits from this new urban society, while the working classes were subjected to filthy, disease-ridden atmosphere. The impoverished have always been the disadvantaged, but in 19th century England, they paid with their lives.
The industrial revolution offered means, tools and apparatuses that were never available before, and reduced distances, bringing remote locations closer while saving time, thanks to modern means of transportation which are permanently improved.
During the 18th century there has been a significant expansion in the coaling and such industries, as this continues more and more miners went to extract coal and others went to work often in very long hours and hazardous conditions. But many people at that time, starts working at an early age and the regulations towards what they have to do. The people of England average work day would equal around fourteen hours, six days a week, where they have to be in a dirty poorly lit environment. The children have to work near dangerous machines when they had no protection, not even shoes. The children and the parents who work in t...
The Industrial Revolution is considered by historians as both a blessing, but also a curse. It lasted from the late 18th century to the mid-19th century in, which means it went on for 80 years. By the end of the Industrial Revolution, it change the old world into the modern one that we see today. In this essay, we’ll discuss how the reasons of Slavery, urbanization, and effects due to the revolution.
Industrial revolution and growth of cities- The Industrial revolution was the result of inventions that lead to the use of equipment to change and allowed people to organize labor. The Growth of cities changed how people made a living, it forced farmers to move to the cities resulting in different problems people had to face.
The Industrial Revolution sparked the change from the agricultural 18th to the factory based 19th century. It caused many changes in America and show a drastic change in how people lived. The Industrial Revolution not only sparked urbanization but if influenced the economy, political decisions, and gender and class roles in society.
The Industrial Revolution began in the late 1700’s in England, it was a time of new inventions, products, and system of work. The consequences of the Industrial Revolution led to many positive and negative effects. During this time Manufacturing was done in their own homes, using hands tools and basic machines. when industrialization started it changed their lives because factories started to produces those manufactures in mass production. The iron and other metals that was used, along with the development of the steam engine, played central roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of transportation, communication and banking.
Industrial revolution was originated in the United Kingdom in mid-18 centuries, a change in the social and economic structure. Before the industrial revolution was to take the place, there were some causes that led the revolution. A new era in Europe’s demography began around 1730, and by 1800 Europe’s population bad grown by at least 50 percent. The population grew in eighteenth-century Europe with an increasing pace and scale of economic activity. A new name was given to a type of economic development that occurred before the rise of the factory system in the late eighteenth century: protoindustrialization. In this phase, the volume of rural manufacturing increased under the putting-out system, as more rural families devoted more time to