Only about an hour after midnight on December 26th 2004, a great tragedy transpired in the Indian Ocean. A devastatingly powerful 9.3 magnitude earthquake suddenly shook the ground with such force that scientists say “this earthquake had enough power to rock the Earth off its axis” (Chossudovsky). While panic ensued among the locals in Sumatra, nobody was prepared for what would come next. Deadly and intimidating walls of water averaging at more than ten meters tall, called a tsunami, began crashing onto coastlines of Sumatra only five minutes later. By the end of the day, “a death toll of over two-hundred thousand in thirty-seven countries was confirmed along with several thousand other ‘missing’ persons”(Nichols College).
Tsunamis are one of the most dangerous natural disasters known to mankind that cause devastating effects on society. Despite the fact that tsunamis are not frequent phenomena, it causes huge causalities once it occurs. The number of deaths could reach 420 thousand a year, accompanied by the destruction of many costal residences. But despite the fact that tsunami damages are inevitable, it can be reduced. The word tsunami was originated from the Japanese words “Tsu” meaning “harbor”, and “Nami” meaning “wave”.
The energy released by the earthquake was estimated at 26 megatons of TNT. Where: At 00:58:53 on December 26th 2004, a disastrous earthquake occurred under the Indian Ocean, in Sumatra, Indonesia just off the coast. The earthquake created great tsunamis that caused thousands of lives to be lost and great destruction throughout the Indian Ocean, throughout the event within several hours. Effects: How does this disaster affect the people and the environment? Earthquakes are natural disasters that are extremely dangerous.
They received no warnings of the tsunami. Unfortunately, 10 meters of the wave caught many people by surprise, as they looked dumfounded when the ocean engulfed them whole. To date this disaster is believed to have killed over three hundred thousand people, marking itself as one of the most devastating Tsunamis ever. The waves from the Tsunami destroyed everything in their path and drowned most innocent living things with it. It has now been concluded that the earthquake, which caused this Tsunami, was probably twice as strong as originally estimated - a magnitude 9.15 instead of 9.0.
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