African Security review. 16(2): 26-37. Williams, P 2006: The African Union: Prospects for regional peacekeeping after Burundi and Sudan. Review of African Political Economy, Vol 33, N 108 [Accessed 3 April 2014]. www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/07/egypt [Accessed 2 April 2014].
In addition, reporting indicates that Al Shabaab ... ... middle of paper ... ...m/2011/08/08/somalia-famine-new-us-policy_n_921613.html Curran, C. (2011, February 17). Global ambitions: An analysis of al shabaab's evolving rhetoric. Retrieved from http://www.criticalthreats.org/somalia/global-ambitions-analysis-al-shabaabs-evolving-rhetoric-february-17-2011 Herridge, C. (2011, October 24). Deadly attacks show al-shabaab expanding its reach, with potential for u.s. targets. Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/world/2011/10/24/deadly-attacks-show-al-shabaab-expanding-its-reach-with-potential-for-us/ Africa and Europe in Partnership.
Nigeria is an oil-rich state located in the eastern part of African. Since gaining independence in 1960, it has faced numerous regime changes. These fluctuations in stable governance have both positively and negatively affected the livelihood of the Nigerian people. The struggle for power has been a toss-up between civilian governments and militaristic dictators, each fighting to gain control of the lucrative oil reserves. As the military seeks to rid corruption from the ruling body, it has brought additional struggles to everyday life in Nigeria.
Somalia still lacks a strong central government and several thousands, if not millions, of Somalis are at risk of starvation due to drought. Again, the United States entered the conflict failing to adhere to all the principals of jus ad bellum, espousing the principles of jus in bello, and inadequately upholding those of jus post bellum. The US entered the war an unjust nation, and left the conflict in a rather unjust manner. As a result, Somalia faces hardship over two decades later with no signs of a hasty recovery. Even worse, with the problem lingering and the international debt crisis, few countries are willing to intervene in Africa to cut out a solution.
Ft. Huachuca AZ. United Press International, Inc (2012). Islamists threaten Somalia's new oil zone. Retrieved from http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Energy-Resources/2012/03/14/Islamists-threaten-Somalias-new-oil-zone/UPI-90401331750334/ Diversity Council (2007). Somali Culture: An Overview.
Humanities II World History Effects of The European Imperialism In Africa Comments. Northfield Mount Hermon, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013 "Imperialism & Colonialism." Imperialism & Colonialism.
Their situation is reminiscent of Kenya in its antebellum period, but with proper governing the Filipinos and Muslims still have a chance at peaceful co-existence. The deepest crack in Kenya’s solidarity stemmed from political issues decades earlier. In the 1920’s, the British prioritized their own objectives over the fate of natives, drawing arbitrary borders that ignored the widespread presence of ethnic groups suc... ... middle of paper ... ...l war to prevent further conflict in their own country. In Kenya, the lack of political, economic, and social integration of the Somalis with the Kenyans meant that the Shifta War was inevitable. Pan-Somali irredentism had stemmed from political marginalization as early as 1920, when the British government administered the NFD as united in its own right but also as an entirely separate region of Kenya.
February 2012.no.46. www.ispionline.it/it/documents/wp%2046-2012.pdf University of Pennsylvania-African studies center. Inaugural speech, Pretoria (Mandela)- 5/10/94 in Nelson Mandela’s inaugural speech-Pretoria ,May 10 from ancdip@WN.APC.ORG World Report 2014. South Sudan. www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/south-sudan?page=2
In addition, the cycle of fraudulent elections in these nations has created a lack of social capital and greatly hindered the pace of democratization within each of the states. Nigeria has a long history of corruption and violence marring the process of electing the country’s leaders. Assassination, voter intimidation, and ballot tampering have all been common factors of past elections; rather than focusing on the pressing issues facing Nigerians, the elections have been centered on the acquisition of power. The 2007 elections “marked the first time in the…postindependence history of [Nigeria]…that one civilian government would hand over power to another,” and what should have been a milestone for democracy was instead “riddled with corruption and malfeasance.” What could have been a break in the long chain of violence and corruption involved with the election process, c... ... middle of paper ... ... (2012): 1-11. Alexanian, Janet A.
In 1884, Kenya was a British protectorate, a state that is controlled and protected by another. After trying to resist the control of the British, they were still defeated. The struggle to overcome the British then led to the Kenya African Union, which was founded with president Jomo Kenyatta, the Kikuyu leader, in order to fight back for Kenyan independence. On December 12th, 1963, Kenya became an independent country (“Kenya” 343). The masterminds behind this revolution were mainly members of the Kikuyu and Mau Mau tribes (“Open War Now Waged on Mau Mau in Kenya” 5).