The Importance of Raising Self-Efficacy Within Students

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Throughout our lives our surroundings and experiences influence who we are and who we are to become. The values and beliefs installed in us through these interactions with our environment can have a positive or negative affect on the type of citizen we are and ultimately our contribution to society. Major contributing influences on ones values and beliefs are interactions that occur within ones family unit as well as experiences within educational institutes. This paper will focus on the latter, education. More specifically it will focus on inclusive education and how this framework will shape societies attitudes toward the way difference is accepted. To conclude, the implications of inclusive education will be related to my own future pedagogical choices.

Since its beginnings education has been underpinned by political and social agendas. Holmes, Hughes, & Julian (2003) argue that it is through education that a country’s labour force is generated, thus meeting the needs of the economy; and also that education serves a socialisation agent, installing a shared culture or set of common values within children. Drawing on this rational, I will argue that as education is a socialisation agent, it is possible to bring about a change in societal attitude to the way difference is perceived through the educational context.

A defining characteristic of contemporary society is that of difference and diversity. Whilst this is exciting and something that should be embraced, intolerance and discrimination continues to tear society apart. Globalisation, immigration, restructuring of the family unit, and social justice issues and are just some of the influences that are redefining culture, no longer is Australia a homogenous society, if it ever...

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...ifferentiated approach it is it is important that I know the students within my class and understand their individual needs. It is also important to have an understanding of the barriers that may impede educational and social outcomes, such as: poverty; gender; sexuality; cultural and linguistic diversity and disability.

It is important that as a teacher I raise self-efficacy within my students. Self-efficacy ones awareness of their capacity to learn and perform (Carpenter, 2010). In order to do this it is important that children within my class experience success, are praised and admired by others, and are provided with opportunity to enjoy success (Westwood, 2007). By setting a culture within the class that sees students compete with themselves and not others will develop confidence within students of their own capabilities, thus maximising educational outcomes.
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