On average, 50 to 260 inches of rain falls yearly. The temperature in a rain forest rarely gets higher than 34 ºC or drops below 20 ºC. The average humidity in a rainforest is between 77 to 88%. Rainfall is often more than 100 inches a year. There are 4 layers in a rainforest.
There are two main types of rainforests, tropical and temperate (Biomes Ch. 10). Tropical rainforests are those like the Amazon, which is found in South America in parts of Brazil, Peru, and Colombia. Tropical rainforests are found near the equator creating no seasons and a constant climate of 80 degrees with high humidity, as it rains almost every single day. This equates to nearly 150-200 inches of rain per year.
RAINFORESTS What are the Rain forests? A rain forest can be merely defined as a evergreen forest inhabiting a tropical region, filled with a wide variety of plants and animals, with an annual rainfall of at least 2.5 meters. Simply speaking, they are the richest, oldest, most productive ecosystems on earth. An ecosystem is a living community together with its environment, together both functioning as a unit. Biologist, Norman Myers, states "rainforests are the finest celebration of nature ever known to the planet" (1).
There locations are near the equator. These areas receive some of the world’s heaviest rainfall every year. They occupy large regions in Africa, Asia, Central and South America and also on Pacific islands. The largest tropical rain forest is the Amazon rain forest. There is one rain forest called the Tropic of Cancer.
There are many rainforests in the world but one of the biggest one is the Amazon rainforest, which is located in the northern half of South America and lies in the countries of Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Bolivia. The Amazon also lies in between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. The size of the Amazon resembles the size of the United States from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rocky Mountains. Since this rain forest lies next to the Equator, the climate is warm and humid. The average temperature is in between sixty-eight to ninety- three degrees.
Tropical Rainforests Although a tropical rain forest is merely described as a region of tall trees with year-round warmth and plentiful rain, the definition goes much deeper. Tropical rain forests, jungles that receive at least eighty inches of rain in a year, maintain the natural balance of the world's temperature and climate. Not only do they regulate climate and protect water supplies, but tropical rain forests nurture millions of species of animals, and provide homes for various tribes of people. The world's tropical rain forests represent one of the most fragile and most diverse of all our natural ecosystems, yet are least understood by today's society. Tropical rain forests are also by far the most threatened.
It comes from a neotropical tree, and curare, used as a poison for arrow tips by indigenous peoples in the Neotropics, it has also been proven useful for heart conditions. In todays society around one quarter of medications come from natural sources. Most pharmaceuticals come from plants, although some come from fungi, bacteria and reptiles (snakes), all of which can be found in rainforests. Even on a smaller scale, rainforests are huge producers of foods such as cocoa (chocolate) and coffee beans. In fact, rainforests are the largest producers/exporters of coffee beans, which
Equatorial rainforests make up about two-thirds of all rainforests, and is found bordering the equator in Brazil, Zaire, and Southeast Asia. The temperature and the rainfall in equatorial rainforests are the same year-round. Tropical rainforests, on the other hand, are found north and south of the equatorial rainforests, and they have definite wet and dry seasons. (http://www.waste.org/â€¦). Rainforests are named so because of the rain they create within themselves.
In a rainforest there can be low altitude since the forest is close to sea level. Little people know that a rainforest provides 40% of earths oxygen. A rainforest has a variety of things such as plants, soils, animals, and microorganisms. Plants that are found in the forest are coconut trees, bamboo trees, fig trees, durian trees, jambu trees, avocado trees, and banana trees. Trees in the rainforest are about 70% of plants.the trees are very important and the trees actually give us almost a quarter of the medicine we us today.
Smaller rainforests thrive in Central America, Islands on the Pacific and Caribbean, and Mexico. Rainforests maintain a temperature of 50 degrees Fahrenheit and get between 160 to 400 inches of rain per year. The conditions that the Rainforests have are exemplary for life to grow and flourish. The area where the rainforests are located saves them from natural disasters and saved them from the loss of life during the ice ages. Due to these conditions the Rainforest is home to 50-70 million species (Facts about Rainforests).