Marielle Wilson English 12 1st Hour Mr. Toth Early Childhood Education Early childhood Education has always been a vital part to the nation’s prosperity and achievement. However, many schools started without early childhood teachings. Teaching usually began around the time a child had reached six or seven; about the age of a first or second-grader today (Vinovskis 18).
The Importance of Early Childhood Cognitive Development America has many programs for graduating students that are involved with education and children. While any college student can appreciate education, I suspect that few understand the importance of early childhood development. Having committed to apply for a position in Teach for America, I want to better understand why it is so important to "get 'em while they're young. " In 2001, the US Department of Education, Academy of the Sciences, and the Foundation for Child Development conducted a study on early childhood development. Several interesting, scientific ideas and trends on childhood development emerged from the study.
Statics from the US Census Bureau reveal that just under half of all 3-4 year old children attended preschool in 2013. This is the also the same year that most school districts across the country adapted to a full day of kindergarten, rather than a half day. This means that children now will be expected to handle a 6 hour day of learning and, consequently; for those children who do not attend preschool this could be a real challenge. Preschool not only helps a child with social and emotional skills, it also provides a strong foundation for academic learning. It gives them an opportunity to become familiar with routine in a structured learning environment and can help make the transition to a full day of kindergarten even easier. Yet, there are still some parents who feel -- for many reasons, preschool is unnecessary and choose not to send them.
“If you think about the brain and the brain development if we don’t stimulate the brain then of course there is going to be lack of development.” (“Unruh”). Development is sempiternal in life, it moves through many stages into life such as learning to grasp a fork properly to grasping the thought of death. General development stages begin at birth and last till about age of 18, but the most important development stages start from birth and last till about six years of age. These early stages will affect how one will behave, interpret, and learn throughout the duration of one’s life. While bodily changes are rapidly occurring and the beginning of thought, opinion, and reason are just forming. It is important to understand as future parents or caregivers how and when their child, even if premature, is developing socially, cognitively, or physically.
There are about a million and one things to look into when parents are deciding if they will send their child to preschool. The history of preschool shows a lot of interesting information about how preschools have changed and how they affect students. It is said that preschool will give students a head start. There is also the price to think about when sending children off to preschool. But those are just a few of the many factors people may think about before sending their little one off to school. Some other things that are not usually brought up right up front are locations of preschools, the curriculum taught, the types of teachers, etc. People generally just think about the cost and the fact they have a place to send their child to learn while they work.
Children’s development, including their brain development, and the differences, both physically and emotionally that, children go through when transitioning into kindergarten. Reviews of different forms have evidence concluding that these programs have short, medium, and long-term benefits that suggest the effects are often greater for more disadvantaged children. “Some of the evidence from model research has produced exciting results in terms of improving educational attainment and earnings and reducing welfare dependency and crime.” (Currie, 2001). “To the point where cost-benefit analysis of these programs suggests they would eventually pay for themselves in terms of cost-savings to the government if it produced even a quarter of the long-term gains of model programs.” (Currie, 2001). This is one of the reasons the government has been pouring an abundance of money into these programs, in fact, Obama just recently announced a one billion dollar investment in early childhood education. “Obama said that less than one-third of 4-year-olds enrolled in preschool and blamed the high cost of these programs for essentially shutting off access to poorer infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. “ (Obama announces $1 billion investment, 2015, p. 1). “He said studies repeatedly show that children who are educated early in life are more likely to
When you’re a parent, it’s common to worry if your child is developing accordingly, but more exclusively if your child seems to be delayed from other children in their age group. Every stage of development happens differently for every child, but learning to detect these skills or behaviors that are associated with each stage could be beneficial to you and your child in the long run. The three common domains of development are physical, cognitive, and psychosocial. Throughout this paper I will try to help get a different outlook and a possible understanding of the development stage of early childhood (ages 2-6). Unfortunately, I do not have any children of my own yet, but I do
Nemeth, K. (2011). Understanding the changes to the Head Start Outcomes Framework. Early Childhood Investigations. Retrieved February 4, 2012, from http://www.earlychildhoodwebinars.org/2011/02/understanding-the-changes-to-the-head-start-outcomes-framework-by-karen-nemeth/
The children learn through sensory play and discovery through inquiry. The Preoperational Stage is from ages 2 years to 7 years. They learn through pretend play and formulating their own opinion of the world. The Concrete Operational Stage is from ages 7 years to 11 years. Children begin to think independently and take others views into consideration. Finally, you have The Formal Operational Stage for ages 12 years and up. These teenagers begin to think abstractly and use deductive reasoning.
These stages were: sensorimotor intelligence, preoperational thought, concrete operations, and formal operations. Even though there were age ranges that were assigned to each stage, Piaget stated that, “children move through the stages in an invariant sequence” (Cognitive Development: Piaget and Vygotsky). Each stage is simply a representation the increasing complex ways that children think as they progress from birth to adulthood. As sated earlier, children are constantly exploring and trying to gain an understanding of the world around them. While engaging in this process, children are developing their own modes of thinking and utilizing the information being presented to them. Overall, cognitive development is not driven by an internal process or lessons from a teacher.