Children of Working Mothers vs. Stay At Home Mothers and Their Effects Looking back at the past there have been women struggling for equal rights throughout the United States of America this includes the right to work or stay at home with their children. Ever since women started working the argument has been forthcoming over mothers who work and those who stay home with their children. One concern is what differences, if any, are there in children who are raised by stay-at-home moms and working moms. This includes effects on their children emotionally and academically. In today’s world women find themselves and their choices they make under much scrutiny.
What still remains to day is the inner struggle within jobs also known as glass ceilings? Glass ceilings are daily obstacles for most women in their jobs every day. As country of equal opportunity should we Americans continue to fight for more equality or accept the situation and be grateful for the change that has already come into place? What exactly is a glass ceiling and how were these ceilings put up in the first place? A glass ceiling defined by Webster is “an intangible barrier within the hierarchy of a company that prevents women from obtaining upper level positions” (Miriam - Webster’s… 1).
Previously, women have existed in a society ruled by man and have been put under the expectation to be at home raising the children and taking care of the home, while men were expected to go to work and provide for the family. Since the beginning of civilization, women have been victims to prejudice that eventually “compelled women at last to throw off the political, economic, intellectual and social shackles that bound them” (Joshi 13). The complexity of women’s hardship during the nineteenth century, in the fight for equality, resulted in many women getting arrested and looked down upon from their communities. Although the consequences seem treachery, many women risked their livelihood and pushed forth determination and will power to strive and succeed for a much more important goal: equality and respect. However, are the freedoms female human rights activists fought so hard to obtain, still not being exercised throughout American society, which many suffragists hoped for?
In the past, it was typical for a wife to be unemployed. In career-driven modern times, however, it seems as though women are being pushed towards the idea that being successful means having an occupation. Some Americans devalue the “stay-at-home” job title because their understanding is that it is a step backwards in society. Ashley Nelson, author of “Confessions of a Stay-at-Home Mom”, describes a book she read in which the writer encourages women to work rather than stay home to care for children: “Why, she wondered, would a congressman ‘listen to someone whose life so resembles that of a toddler’s?’” (Nelson 411). Many Americans share a similar belief, that a stay-at-home mom’s daily productivity is minimal.
Nevertheless there is still much argument over whether mothers should stay at home, or work. Over time many studies have shown the advantages of having a stay at home mother as well as disadvantages of having a working mother. Although most people believe that the negative out ways the positive many studies have proven that children of employed mothers are equally affected. According to David Pelcovitz, Ph. D In recent years, Mothers working full time employment has risen, mothers working outside of the home have become part of the norm in the United States.
The study found that children in daycare for the first year of their life had lower cognitive scores compared to those children of mothers who did not work. Although ... ... middle of paper ... ... to work without feeling guilty about putting their children in day care. In outline, the agreement of the exact studies on the effect of maternal occupation finds that youngster conformity is attached to various pertinent variables. On account of single-guardian families, or families generally confronting destitution, the effect of maternal occupation seems, by all accounts, to be for the most part positive. On account of working class or rich families when the mother is working full-time, especially in the unanticipated months of a youngster's life, there has all the earmarks of being a somewhat expanded danger for later behavioral issues and inconspicuous cognitive effect with respect to moms who aren't working or are working low maintenance.
Social media and things shown on tv which show women with power are giving people false thoughts that society has achieved equality but it has not especially not wage equality. Equal pay is a family issue. Women are a huge part of the United States labor force and they are working in positions in fields that are largely dominated by men. When a woman is not paid fairly they do not suffer alone their entire family suffers. To make sure there is a change people most start voting for more wage equality legislation and for the younger population that cannot vote yet they can help the change by speaking out against the wage gap since they are the generation of technology.
Due to the preconception that women are supposed to be submissive, society continues to prevent them from being dominant in the workplace. Traditionally women are supposed to be housewives and nurture their children, overtime these views have changed. In todays society not only are women able to be mothers but they can also work outside of their homes. Women, who are considered single mothers, do every job whether at home or at the workplace. Men see women as inferior because until the about the twentieth century women began to gain just a tad bit of independence.
In a report by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the most accurate wage gap for single women before marriage and children is $0.96 on the dollar for comparable professions. This is a negligible difference that doesn’t support the conspiracy so many radical feminists flaunt concerning a world where women are oppressed. On the other side of the spectrum, when women are put into the role of motherhood their work experience becomes halted as they struggle to nurture their child. This is where the statistic becomes misunderstood. Often times if a mother happens to return to work she must choose a job with great flexibility, and because not all jobs are flexible women tend to find themselves... ... middle of paper ... ...t always have, however some have inflated statistics to appear like there is a conspiracy, this is severely damaging to our society and there are many actions that can be taken to further prosper our society to be fully accepting and non-discriminatory.
For many working mothers, the decision of whether or not to stay at home is not one they are allowed to make. Today, women are only or primary breadwinner in 40 percent of households with children under the age of 18, and like most parts of American society motherhood is classed. Yet society is relentless in telling women that working will negatively impact their children and home lives despite studies stating the opposite. Many of these female breadwinners also have to contend with sexism in the labor force, with the wage gap and the segregation of poorly paid “pink collar” work keeping them from earning as much as their male counterparts. As white women have gained economic power, minority black and hispanic women have been relegated further into the home as maids, who save them from having to do the housework in the dreaded second shift.