The climate hot map shows how ‘warming have lead the increase drought frequency over the 30 last years”. The fact that warmer temperatures are increasing proves how the probability of drought is greater. Evaporation could execrate drought conditions and increase the risk of wildfire. Moreover, evaporation caused by warming can cause intense rainstorms. For example the national rainfall federation declares, “Climate change has contributed to a rise in extreme weather patterns”.
However, it has also been found that there is a possibility of cyclones actually mitigating coral bleaching (Baker et al., 2008; Schultz, 2012). With even just a 2°C increase in temperature the probability of COTS survival escalates by 240 per cent under certain conditions (Australian Institute of Marine Science, 2015). However, repeated bleaching events result in higher mortality rates. The Caribbean has been experiences continuous declines of reef sites due to repeated bleaching events (Baker et al., 2008). There is no doubt that oceans surrounding Australia have drastically warmed since 1910 (Bureau of Meteorology, 2014), and this warming affects the
Of all the effects of global warming, the extreme weather that is taking place all over the world is the most obvious one. Global warming will bring more heat waves, drought, fiercer wildfires and stronger hurricanes. “This intensification of weather and climate extremes will be the most visible impact of global warming in our everyday lives” (75 yrs NWF). Due to rising temperatures, places everywhere will be affected as we get more extremely hot summer days and lesser winters. In addition, as these rising temperatures shifts the cycle of rain and increases evaporation, there will be longer and drier droughts which in turn can lower the water supply for life everywhere.
The previous incident would also explain the recurring flooding around the world. But how would these natural disasters come about? Currently, Earth is suffering through the problems of global warming. Global warming promotes more storms, floods and droughts. Possibly, the hurricanes and tsunamis will become potentially stronger than they were ever before.
Climate change is a long-term alteration in the statistical distribution of weather pattern over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. The world is currently experiencing drastic change in temperature. This change can be felt in the tropical climate areas where the weather is getting hotter and hotter every day. The change in global temperatures and precipitation over time is due to natural variability or to human activity. It is also caused by accumulation of greenhouse effects (Arrhenius, 1896).
Firstly, the global warming accelerates rising sea level, causing a great loss in people’s lives. For example, Munbai, Sherbinin et al. (2006) quote TERI(1996) who estimates that a 1-m rise would result in $71 billion damages without dykes, reduced to $33 billion with dykes. In addition, the sea level is rising faster than ever seen, threatening the coastal cities and leading to the erosion of the coastline. Secondly, the polluted air is another concern.
“The IPCC estimates that melting ice caps and glaciers accounted for about 25% of sea level rise from 1993 to 2003” (edf, 2014). Rising seas threaten to destroy low areas and islands, erode shorelines, damage property and destroy ... ... middle of paper ... ...he Endangered Species Act list of threatened species” (edf, 2014). “The U.S. Geological Survey predicts polar bears may be gone from the planet in as little as 100 years” (edf, 2014). In the tropics, increased sea temperatures are causing more coral reefs to “bleach,” as the heat damages algae that are necessary to coral health. “Several U.S. states may even lose their official birds as they head for cooler climates including the Baltimore oriole of Maryland, black-capped chickadee of Massachusetts, and American goldfinch of Iowa” (NRDC, 2014).
As the earth’s surface heats it becomes too warm to live in and many people, animals and plants will suffer. (EPA) The earth’s temperature naturally changes over the years, but over the last half of century, the record high temperatures drastically increased. Scientists have even warned us that in the last ten years we have had record high temperatures, which means the average temperatures in the United States could increase up to nine degrees. (NDRC) A major result of global warming that I have noticed by living in Florida is that it is making the hurricanes stronger and more treacherous. Every year, Florida gets hit by hurricanes and tropical storms, but during the last five years the damages have really increased.
The combination of these results will cause storms, and in areas known for hurricanes, this can dramatically make a difference on the strength of a hurricane. Areas know for hurricanes do not benefit from low pressure, rain or warmer temperatures. “Volcano eruptions can influence more than just temperature, recent research suggests eruptions can affect the position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), a huge belt of low pressure that is the main source of rain for much of Africa” (Carbon Brief Staff, 2015). These changes on weather climates caused by volcanic eruptions can easily carry into the North Pacific Ocean and lead to tropical
Besides that, many events of catastrophic weather will occur, such as droughts, floods, volcanic, tsunamis and earthquake. Although some areas of Earth will become wetter and flood due to global warming, other areas will suffer serious droughts and heat waves. Obviously, Africa will receive the worst of it, with more severe droughts also expected in Europe. After all, these effects spell one thing for the countries of the world: economic consequences. The chaos of weather patterns brought hurricanes, tsunamis, or earthquakes that cause billions of dollars in damage, diseases cost money to treat and control and conflicts exacerbate a... ... middle of paper ... ...bulbs for more efficient replacements, such as compact fluorescents would save billions of kilowatt-hours”, said David Biello (Biello 3).