The Importance Of Urban Natural Environment

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There is increasing awareness that the quality of the natural environment in urban areas affects the social and economic viability of communities. The Key elements of the urban natural environment are trees in parks and yards and along streets and greenways. Collectively these trees make up the urban forest, which provides numerous benefits ranging from energy saving shade to attractive business districts. Urban forests are small pockets of green in a gray landscape. They are ribbons of life meandering through a largely artificial environment. They are enclaves of serenity and biological diversity tucked within the suburban development and busy streets. The worldwide trend toward urbanization threatens the ‘green infrastructure’ of our cities,…show more content…
Natural factors such as a region’s climate, soils, storm patterns, and the composition of presettlement vegetation influence current forest structure and shape perceptions of desired forest structure (McBride and Jacobs, 1986; Nowak, 1993). The physical development of cities influences the space available for vegetation and its distribution (Sanders 1984). Technological advances in areas such as transportation, air conditioning, and pest control influence attitudes regarding the value of trees, as well as their preservation and management (McPherson and Haip, 1989; McPherson and Luttinger, submitted). Historical data on the development of urban forests can be used with information on current forest structure to better understand key forces of change, current management needs, and future trends in forest health and productivity. As the notion of urban forestry broadens from street tree management to urban ecosystem management, a corresponding need exists for greater information about urban natural resources (McPherson,…show more content…
There are lack of appropriate tree planting spaces due to increased densities and more impervious surfaces. Pest, such as Emerald Ash Borer, and disease can have sudden and devastating effects, especially in areas that lack species diversity (NKUCFC, 2008). Approaches to the Problems Urban forestry is the practice of planning and managing landscape trees and green spaces. Many localities hire professional urban foresters to manage the public urban forest and help educate citizens about trees. But to have a healthy, sustainable urban forest, citizens have to pitch in to care for trees on private property too. The urban and community forestry program assists both localities and citizens in making science-based decisions about tree care and urban forest stewardship. Because urban and community forestry is multi-disciplinary, the program relies on partnerships and expertise throughout Extension and across the
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