The Importance Of Universal Health Care

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Before the National Institutes of Health (NIH) became the powerhouse of biomedical research, it was nothing more than a small laboratory found within the Marine Hospital Service (MHS); now known as the Public Health Service (PHS) . It wasn’t until the end of the Second World War that the NIH got its standing. It was the Public Health Service Act of 1944 that provided the stage for the NIH to expand, start programs, and most importantly, petition for Federal support of biomedical research . It was this funding of the NIH that allowed policymakers to cater to society’s fascination and devotion to medical science without creating a universal health care system. The first time universal health care was suggested as a way to manage health care costs in the United States was after the discovery of germ theory at the end of the 19th century. This great new discovery increased the public demand for medical services and care – and thus increased the cost of such elements. It was apparent from the start that this cost had to be managed, and an efficient system was required for its regulation. While many systems were suggested as solutions, including the universal health care system, the American Medical Association or AMA pungently overruled each and every proposal . Playing off the fears of communism that were so strong in society after the First World War, the AMA went out of its way to ensure that universal health care would not be easily accepted . However this fear just left the United States still lacking an established health care system, and lacking AMA approved plans for progressing forward. Eventually the need for some sort of organized plan lead to the establishment of the Insurance Company Model at the end of the 1930s by the AM... ... middle of paper ... ...are, that sponsorship for research would be far more acceptable (and successful) than similar sponsorship's for universal health care . With this in mind, government funding shifted towards sponsoring the National Institutes of Health. This decision lead to remarkable discoveries by the National Institutes of Health that increased the quality of life and placed the United States at the top of biomedical research. The amount of life changing discoveries since the government began funding grossly surpasses the amount before such aid was provided . As noted by Dr. Fredrickson, “In its first 90 years, NIH has added enormously to man’s store of knowledge and has measurably enriched the nation’s health.” Today the NIH remains one of the top biomedical research institutions, and is still making a noteworthy number of discoveries and life changing advancements in science.
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