The Importance Of Tragedy In Hamlet

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Hamlet is a revenge tragedy which focuses primarily on Hamlet’s desire and attempt to avenge his father’s death. Prince Hamlet, the protagonist of the play, is mourning the loss of his father and bitterly regretting that his mother, Queen Gertrude, has married his uncle Claudius. The ghost of his father appears to reveal that he has been murdered by Claudius and urges him to take revenge. The play essentially centers in the character of Hamlet himself. As a prince of Denmark, he acts the part of madness with power; however, he is so often indecisive and hesitant; his weaknesses are too apparent as he avenges his father’s death. During his quest for revenge, he has difficulty to make decision but he learns how to deal with the contradiction…show more content…
Hamlet cannot forget his father. “For they are actions that a man might play, /But I have that within which passes show- /These but the trappings and the suits of woe” (1089). He displays all the moods of grief because he feels sorrow about his father’s death. He has portrayed as a very sensitive and melancholy man at the beginning. However, the ghost performs an important dramatic function that brings Hamlet motivation to find out the truth and to revenge. In “Death and the End of Testimony: Trauma Theory in Shakespeare’s Hamlet,” Lorna Mellon believes that “The primary motivator for much of the play’s action lies in the eerie scene where the ghost recalls Claudius’s rancorous actions against him and orders Hamlet to avenge his father’s murder by King Claudius”(118). For Hamlet to avenge his father’s murder, he must also become the…show more content…
Hamlet attempts to ask all dejected questions in a rational and logical way. He wonders about to live miserably or end one’s sorrow life. He is aware that the nature of his death may like a deep sleep. Then he wonders, “To sleep, perchance to dream, ay there’s the rub; / For in that sleep of death what dreams may come” (1128). The “dream” that he fears are the pains that the afterlife may bring. There is no way to be positive because he suffers from the quick marriage of his mother, the potential true case of death of his father, and the rotten state of Denmark. Hence, Hamlet is forced to question death again.
The “To be or not to be” speech in the play also reveals Hamlet’s uncertainty: he has no firm belief in himself. The topic of his soliloquy is his consideration of committing suicide. Throughout the speech, Hamlet is over thinking between two extremes: life and death. In the monologue, he contemplates whether he should live and endure the pain or end his life. He also considers seeking revenge for his father’s death. If Hamlet choose to kill himself, he would no longer have to be responsible for avenging his father’s
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