Aquaculture provides food and nutrients to millions of people allover the world. Fish provides key nutrients and proteins and it benefits people of all classes. Fish is full of nutrients that the human body needs. Fish is distributed to people less fortunate and by providing these nutrients to people it can fight hunger for thousands of people all over the world. In the United States, 80% of our fish is imported and around 50% of those fish came from fish farms.
The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States. It holds 18 hundred trillion gallons of water. The Bay is about 200 miles long, and is home to more than 17 million people. The importance of the Chesapeake Bay is incredible; two of the United States’ five major North Atlantic ports – Baltimore and Hampton Roads – are on the Bay. (Chesapeake Bay Program, n/d).
(U.S. Department of Commerce, 1993). Most remarkable was the sharp rise in consumption from 1970 (about 4 lbs.) to 1990 (about 5 lbs.) The domestic seafood industry has identified a goal of increasing domestic seafood consumption to 20 lbs/per capita by the year 2000 although this appears unlikely. It is estimated that 10% - 14% of the fishery products currently consumed in the United States are aquaculturally derived.
Marine ecosystems face many threats–mostly from overfishing, but also from pollution, shipping, offshore wind farms, climate change, eutrophication and more. Pressure on the oceans increases every year whilst efforts to limit the destructive impacts are out of proportion. Global marine conservation lags far behind terrestrial efforts. Marine Protected Areas, in particular when forming an ecologically coherent network, are considered as one of the essential tools for ocean recovery. Currently, only about 1.5 % of our oceans are designated as protected areas, with varying degrees of management, but also considering that the initial percentage of protected marine areas was 0.5 % in 2004, there are some signs of improvement.
Loggerheads are foragers; their strong jaws are beneficial to the ocean seabed. When foraging, loggerheads naturally support and aid to the underwater community (Wilson et al. 2010). While they are foraging, they tend to break up many shells. Loggerheads increase the rate at which those shells disintegrate in the benthic ecosystem.
All told, roughly 850 million people live within 60 miles of coral reefs. According to the World Resources Institute, many of them are likely to derive some benefits from the ecosystem services the reefs provide. Additionally, coral reefs are a critical environmental resource. Often referred to as the “rainforests of the sea,” reefs are some of the most diverse and productive ecosystems on earth. Reefs are home to a diversity of plant life, providing a wealth of food for fish.
Coral reefs play an extremely important role in our everyday life. Our coral reefs provide us food and resources; but not only in America, as well as over 500 million people all across the globe, bringing in an outstanding annual economic value of $375 billion dollars. In today’s society, many of these main environments are endangered because of human activities. Unfortunately, many if not most of the world’s coral reefs have been destroyed or in the process of being destroyed. Some are being severely damaged by the existing water pollution, overfishing as well as destructive fishing practices, diseases, global climate change, and ship groundings.
The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States .It holds 18 hundred trillion gallons of water. The Bay is about 200 miles long, and is home to more than 17 million people. It has been on earth for millions of years and has survived many different events. The importance of the Chesapeake Bay is incredible; two of the United States’ five major North Atlantic ports – Baltimore and Hampton Roads – are on the Bay. (Chesapeake Bay Program, n/d).
A sharp decrease in oyster populations leads to a loss in the ecosystem services they provide which in turns negatively affects the Chesapeake Bay. Due to this reduction various strategies have been implemented to revive the oyster population. For decades the delicacies of oysters have been enjoyed throughout the world so much that a lot of the worlds’ oysters come from America, and more specifically the Chesapeake Bay. Oysters are truly a hot commodity in the Northeastern US, as they are collected for food and lime, as well as provide many fisherman and their families a way of life. Sadly, extensive overharvesting, destruction of oyster reefs, and diseases have all contributed to the loss of oyster populations.
Overfishing has become a problem each year and measures should be taken to limit the effects, such as keeping fish in captivity and controlling pollution. First and Foremost, many of the big fish in the oceans are decreasing the most and overfishing has been the problem to it. "The Census of Marine Life, a decade-long international survey of ocean life completed in 2010, estimated that 90% of