The roots of the peloponessian war can be traced back to many specific instances but on the most part three main elements caused its rise; Sparta’s anger at Athenian aid to Spartan enemies, Spartan fear of Athenian power, and the hostility and mistrust caused by the radical differences between the two societies. The peloponnesian war was inevitable.
Increased publicity on the hosting country can bring up political issues causing countries to boycott the Games. Throughout the years groups of people were kept from participating in the Games based on who was hosting the Games. Both the Ancient and the Modern Olympics were created with the intention of having some political connections, although Pierre de Coubertin could never have imagined just how much politics are involved in the Olympics today. They Olympics will continue to be infected with politics because countries have seen firsthand the political advantages that come with hosting the Olympic Games.
After this Darius began a plan to conquer Greece after the support they sent the Ionian revolt. In 490BC Darius sent a fleet to conquer the Cyclades, and then attack Athens and Eretria. Quickly conquering the Eretria, the Persians burned th... ... middle of paper ... ...reeks halted though and turned and began to fight the pursuing Persians. Mardonius was killed in this attack leading to disorder among the Persian lines. Without the Athenian stand, the battle along with the victory would not have been possible at Plataea.
The Siege of Syracuse Introduction The Siege of Syracuse was fought in 415 B.C., in Syracuse, Sicily. Although the Athenians finally lost to the Syracusans this changed Greece forever. There were three main points of the battle the war and warfare, the days of the retreat, and also the important people. The groups who fought this war were the Syracusans, the Athenians, and also the Spartans. This battle also had an ending that was unexpected by the Athenians and all the city- states in Greece.
"This time they were determined to use overwhelming force so in 481 B.C., Xerxes gathered together an army of several hundred thousand infantry and a navy of ... ... middle of paper ... ... Eventually, Athenian-Spartan relations would reach the breaking point. A conflict known by many as the First Peloponnesian War started in 460 B.C, and lasted until 446 B.C. This was a relatively mild struggle that occurred between the city states of Athens and Corinth for the most part. Occasionally Sparta would get involved in the fighting with Athens, but 446 B.C.
During The Peloponnesian War, Sparta was able to dominate Athens and win the war. At the war’s conclusion, Athens was left in complete chaos, and Sparta was also weakened. Athens was politically, economically, and militarily affected, while Sparta was only slightly affected politically and militarily. However, with Sparta’s ignorance towards foreign people, the results of the war were worse than the war itself. In 431 BCE a tragic war began, the Peloponnesian War.
The symbolic power of the Games lived on after their demise, and came to life again as the modern Olympic Games being revived in the last century. Both the modern and Ancient Olympics have close similarities in there purpose and in there problems. Ancient Olympics The ancient Olympics had some differences from the modern Games. There were fewer events, and only free men who spoke Greek could compete, instead of athletes from any country. Women where not allowed to even watch the games on penalty of death let alone play in them.. Also, the games were always held at Olympia in Greece instead of being moved around to different sites every time.
The causes of the Peloponnesian War proved to be too great between the tension-filled stubborn Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. As Thucydides says in Karl Walling’s article, “Never had so many human beings been exiled, or so much human blood been shed” (4). The three phases of the war, which again, are the Archidamian war, the Sicilian Expedition and the Decelean war, show the events that followed the causes of the war, while also showing the forthcoming detrimental effects that eventually consumed both Athens and eventually Sparta effectively reshaping Greece.
However, once this common enemy was defeated, Sparta and Athens began to become great rivals vying for control of Greece. This resulted in the First and Second Peloponnesian Wars, which saw the rise and fall of the Athenian Empire. Sparta eventually rose to be the victor with the assistance of their former enemy Persia, but the era city-states would not live on for very much longer. The Peloponnesian Wars should be studied, because it details the rise and fall of one of the greatest city-states in Greek history.
Wars interfered with the Olympics. Bloodshed even covered the Olympics, in the 1972 Munich Games where terrorists killed eleven Israeli Olympic members. Unfortunately, throughout Olympic history, politics have overshadowed the true focus of the Games. They were "intended to unite the countries of the world through friendly competition" not segregate them through politics (Siggers 1). Politics have obscured the true meaning of the Olympic Games.