Childhood development’ is defined as the sequence of changes from birth to adolescence, resulting from physiological, social and emotional factors (Maffulli & Pintore, 1990). The functions of almost all physiological systems improve until full maturity is reached or shortly before but which then plateau for a period before declining with advancing age. This is supported by academic research which shows this to be true for the changes in strength and flexibility of children through growth and development (Abrahams, 2013). A child who has not reached neural maturity will not have a full strength remit as their level of muscle development and performance is reliant on a fully developed nervous system. With full myelination of the motor nerves not complete until maturity Faigenbaum (2000, p.598) states that control of muscle function is limited before that time.
A lot of parents think that raising their kids a certain way is what is best for them. But every child is different, no matter how you bring them up, and sooner or later they are going to start wanting to make their own decisions. Some parents believe it is better not to expose your children to certain things such as sex, drugs, and alcohol because it would beneficial to them to stay away from these things. But what they don’t know is when their child finds out about it from friends or peers, the outcome of that is going to be worse than the parents letting them know ahead of time. I feel as though parents need to ask themselves if there is a middle ground in how they raise their child.
Instead of utilizing consequences as punishment for their adolescent, these parents will use bribery to get their child to behave properly. Generally, permissive parents will act more as a friend to their adolescent child than an assertive parent. Although most adolescents dream of having such a parent, most do not realize nor understand the detrimental impacts this style of parenting can have on them. Due to the lack of consequences and discipline utilized by the parents, “Children raised by permissive parents tend to lack self-discipline, possess poor social skills, may be self-involved and demanding, and may feel insecure…”(“What Is Permissive Parenting”). Typically, adolescents who grow up in these environments never have the opportunity to learn how to be independent and self-reliant since their guardians do everything for them.
Previous studies lacked the consistency needed for accurate results, however newer studies are getting closer to answering this question but are variable dependent. Puberty is defined as the beginning of sexual maturity. It is the period when a child changes physically, hormonally, sexually, and is able to reproduce. For girls, puberty begins around ages ten or eleven and ends around age sixteen. Boys enter puberty later than girls, usually around age twelve, and it lasts until around ages sixteen or seventeen (Parents & Teachers: Teen Growth & Development, Years 11 to 14).
Teenage pregnancy and relevant issues in Hong Kong According to Mother's Choice, they receive an increasing number of pregnant unmarried women to nearly 3100 from 2011 to 2012. It is notable that nearly one third of them were under the age of 18. Moreover, from Caritas' interview, many young girls from 14 to 19 who dating with boys within six months were found pregnant. Studies in these years report that there is an increasing trend of openness towards sexual attitudes among teenagers. And this may probably associated with the rising number of them engage in premarital and unprotected sexual activities, which also result in unwanted pregnancies, abortions and sexually transmitted diseases.
Puberty, is a multifaceted biologic process involving sexual development, accelerated linear growth, and adrenal maturation, is introduced when gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) begins to be secreted by the hypothalamus (Seminara et al, 2003). For boys, an increase in testicular size occurs, which is then followed by the growth of pubic hair (Marshall & Tanner, 1970). The testes and scrotum grow, and the scrotum thins, darkens, and becomes pendulous (Ozen, 2011). The penis lengthens and widens, taking several years to reach full size. Sperm production coincides with testicular and penile growth, generally occ... ... middle of paper ... ...lopment’, Evolution and Human Behaviour, Vol 24, pp 376-390.
47.4% of students in 2011 coming into high school reported ever engaging in sexual intercourse and over the past decade, the percentage of high school students reporting sexual intercourse has kept increasing from 45.6% in 2001 to 47.4% in 2011.Studies display as more and more pressure is put on a person to forget about what they think, feel, or believe then temptation becomes like a virus and one does what he/she was tempted to do simply to make another person “happy” or to stop the pressure. After thoroughly taking all of this in mind, one must be able to prepare for all of the high-pressure situations to come. The problem for young teenage girls in society is not about not knowing what to do but the poor preparation she ha... ... middle of paper ... ...althy sexual behaviors as adults, but also to avoid early, exploitative, or risky sexual activity. In today’s corrupt society many teenagers believe that sexual expression is a happy and healthy part of growing up but life is not all fun and games. We must face the facts: Preventing teenage pregnancy is critical to improving not only the lives of young women and men but also the future prospects of their children.
All these are developmental milestones that guide the transition to adulthood lying behind adolescence. As noted, there are a lot of physical changes that occur during this period of development. Bearing in mind that it is a stage of puberty when sexual maturation occurs, the reproductive organs and external genitilia for both sexes develops rapidly. In addition, traits such as facial hair and voice change in boys develop, with girls experiencing development of
These hormonal changes include an acceleration in the body's growth rate; the development of pubic hair; the appearance of axillary, or armpit, hair about two years later. There are changes in the structure and functioning of the reproductive organs; the mammary glands in girls; and development of the sweat glands, which often leads to an outbreak of acne. In both sexes, these physiological changes occur at different times. This period of change can prove to be very stressful for a pre-teen. For during this stage of life appearance is very important.
4. Acne develops in some adolescents, due to the change in hormones, and can last well into adulthood (Edelman, et al., 1994). 5. Toward the end of puberty, menarche in girls and ejaculation in boys signals reproductive potential. Puberty that is early or late can be stressful, although the specifics depend on gender, personality, and culture (Berger, 1998).