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The Importance Of Sustainable Development Goals

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The Sustainable Development Goals are a set of global agendas set by the United Nations to be achieved by the year 2030. They are a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals, set-up through the Millennium Deceleration in 2000 to address the needs of the world poor (Cite UN). The Millennium Development goals included a set of eight simply stated goals with 21 targets and 48 indicators to measure progress (Murray, 2015). Amongst them- reducing child mortality (MDG 4), improving maternal health (MDG 5) and combating HIV-AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)- were specifically aimed at improving health. This approach provided a clear and focused direction for many of the stakeholders, to work on achieving these goals. The SDGs are longer…show more content…
The global under-five mortality rate declined by more than half, dropping from 90 to 43 deaths per 1000 live births between 1990 and 2015 (Cite UN). Between 2000 and 2013, measles vaccination helped prevent 15.6 million deaths. However, 16,000 children under-five still continue to die everyday from preventable causes, and the agenda for MDG4 is far from finished (cite UN). Since 1990, the maternal mortality ratio has been cut nearly in half. In 2014, skilled health personnel assisted more than 71% of births, which was an increase from 59% in 1990. Nonetheless, only half of pregnant women in developing regions receive the recommended minimum of four antenatal care visits. Additionally there is a large gap in information, with only 51 percent of countries having data on maternal cause of death. There is a great deal of work that needs to be done with regards to improving maternal health. New HIV infections fell by approximately 20% between 2000 and 2013. In 2014 13.6 million people living with HIV were receiving antiviral therapy globally an increase from just 800,000 in 2003. Over 6.2 million malaria deaths have been averted between 2000 and 2015 primarily of children under- 5 years of age in Sub-Saharan Africa. TB treatment is estimated to have saved 37 million lives from 2000 to 2013. Despite these wide reaching efforts, in 2014 in Sub-Saharan Africa less than 40% of the youth…show more content…
Moreover, in SDG 6 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) target 5.6 states “Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Program of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review”. In terms of sexual and reproductive health rights, these targets present a substantial foundation for advancement in the area. This is in contrast to the MDG era, where a reproductive health target was integrated seven years after their adoption (Starrs, 2015). Indicators for sexual and reproductive health are expected to include family planning, adolescent fertility and comprehensive sexuality education. Nonetheless, they are expected to lack indicators on safe abortion, non-discrimination based on sexual orientation as well as confidential and timely reproductive health services (Starrs, 2015). The political debates and controversies surrounding the area make it harder to push as a world agenda. But The Guttmacher Institute and the Lancet are establishing a Commission on sexual and reproductive health and rights that will re-define