The Importance Of Sustainability In Literature

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In the present scenario of degenerating environmental conditions, an apocalyptic probability seems imminent in the near future. The all around innovative and technical innovations and developments that have upgraded our standard of living to a great extent have simultaneously wreaked havoc on our ecology. Thus the need for sustainability assumes mammoth proportions if we are to keep the world inhabitable for our future generations. Sustainability will help achieve a balance in the ecology. In this age of ‘instant gratification’ we refuse to look beyond our needs and desires but this irresponsible attitude has contributed to the steady decline of our environment. Sustainability will provide the key to “how we might live in harmony…show more content…
The United Nations Agenda 21 “specifies culture as the fourth domain of sustainable development” (“sustainability”) in addition to economic, ecological and political sustainability. This brings us to the field of literature, being a constituent of culture, and also as literature has always been a rumination of life. It has been a matter of controversy whether it is life that gets reflected in literature or whether it is literature that is an echo of life. But assuredly literature has always kept pace with the changing social, economical, political and philosophical trends and the relationship between the two can be said to be of a symbiotic nature. So it is not a matter of consternation that the growing ecological concerns have also seeped into literary studies. A relatively new branch of literary criticism, called ecocriticism, is the direct off-shoot of this growing pre-occupation with our environment. The term ecocriticism was coined in the 1970s by the combination of ‘ecology’ and ‘criticism’. It “designates the critical writings which explore the relations between literature and the biological and physical environment, conducted with an acute awareness of the devastation being wrought on that environment by human activities” (Abrams and Harpham
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