In the late 1960’s and 1970’s NASA was still running off of their glory from winning the space race against the Soviet Union by putting a man on the Moon. A manned mission to Mars or a journey to the many Moons of Saturn seemed right around the corner. Project Orion, for example, was a space project that had planned for a nuclear bomb powered rocket to take men and supplies to the far away Saturn Moon of Orion. “It would have been enormously risky,” says Freeman Dyson (Folger), who was one of the astronauts which volunteered to go on the Project Orion rocket. Any person in the capsule would be subject to large amounts of radiation.
The pressure was on the NASA, but all eyes were on James E. Webb, NASA Administrator, who was not even certain the U.S. could beat the Soviets to the moon. Chief Scientist Hugh Dryden calculated cost to the Federal budget to put a man on the moon would be a staggering $40 billion (the entire federal budget then was $ 98 billion.) Kennedy's child-like interest in the space project led the U.S. on a great adventure through space. Kennedy appointed Lyndon Johnson to balance the budget, so his promise to America was kept. Kennedy also took part in seeing two early space launches that put Alan Shepard and John Glenn in earth orbit.
Recently, NASA has been spending billions of dollars in researching our second nearest planet, Mars. In understanding the scientific importance that such research can mean, the United States is justified in spending this money on NASA space missions to Mars. President John F. Kennedy said in 1961 that he believed that the United States could put a man on the moon before the end of the decade. Unfortunately, he never lived to see this prophetic feat performed. But in July of 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped foot on the moon before live audiences around the world.
The visage of a bulky, awkward colonial explorer flickered on television sets throughout the United States on that day in 1969. It was an event that signified much more than what was being relayed. All watched in admiration and awe as the first steps on the moon were made by Neil Armstrong, a lowly Earth creature never meant to break free of its planet’s atmosphere. But it did. And it was an American.
On July 20, 1969, the United States’ Apollo 11 made it first manned mission to land on the moon. This landing included a team of 3 experienced astronauts, all of which had flown missions into space before. This team included Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins. The plans for the manned moon exploration began during the Eisenhower administration. Although a manned moon landing proved to be an extreme challenge to the US, they were determined to do it.
Effects of the Moon Walk On July 21, 1969 three men impacted the world in a big way. Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin were not the first men to travel in space but they were the first to walk on the moon. Eight years previously, President John F. Kennedy made a speech to the people of the United States that it should be a national goal to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. During the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union were a “who’s bigger and better” contest with each other and space exploration was a part of that. The Soviet Union had begun the space race in 1957 with the launch of Sputnik I, an artificial satellite.
Intellectual curiosity coupled with enmity toward the Soviet Union lead to the Space Race. The fervor for putting a man on the moon was unparalleled. The quintessential Aeronautics protagonist, John F Kennedy once proclaimed to congress, “This nation should commit itself to achieving the goal…of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth” (Dunbar). With this the United States determined itself to win the space race and on July 20, 1969 the impossible became reality, a boundary was broken, a new frontier exposed, as astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin took their first steps on the moon. NASA, the national Aeronautics and space administration became an iconic brand for the United States recognized for landing a man on the moon.
In the rest of his speech he challenged the Nation’s smartest minds to build a rocket capable of lifting a man to the Moon and returning him safely to the earth. He also stressed that it would finally put America’s space program in front of the Soviets. The Russian’s had beat America not only to put a satellite in space, but a man too. Yuri Gagarin had orbited the earth just weeks before American astronaut Alan Shepard was sche... ... middle of paper ... ...A continues to look in to the future, building ever more complicated rockets and space vehicles, it is easy to see that the missions to come hold many new accomplishments and discoveries. Works Cited Aldrin, Buzz, and Ken Abraham.
The Space Shuttle Columbia disaster was only part of his reasoning for announcing a new direction for NASA. A reason not as well known is the current lack of any direction for NASA. Other than sending probes and robots to Deep Space and Mars, NASA has continued to upgrade current projects like the Hubble Space Telescope.  Not since the design of the Space Shuttle around 1980 has a new and demanding project been given to NASA. It is essential that the brilliant minds at NASA be pushed to greatness.
After World War II both the United States and the Soviet Union realized how important rocket research would be to the military. So they each hired the top rocket scientists from Germany to help with their research. After they hired them both sides were making a lot of progress. The Space Race began in 1955 when the Americans announced that they would start launching satellites into orbit. The Soviets took the US announcement as a challenge and established a group whose goal was to beat the US in putting a satellite into orbit.