The Importance Of Social Process Theory And Social Development Theory

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The topic that I choose to write about for this paper is social process theory and social development theory and the importance to criminology, I will give positive and negative example that is associated with this theory. “ According to frank Schmalleger (2012) Page 177 there is number of theories that can be classified under the social process umbrella: social learning theory, social control theory, labeling theory, reintegrative shaming, and dramaturgical perspective.” I hope that after reading this paper you have a better understand of the different theory in the social process theory and social development. Theory and the History of its Development The social learning theory is known as the learning theory, which was advanced by Edwin Sutherland in 1939 he was the one who discovered criminality is learned through a process of differential association. Social learning theory is a behavior that is learned in much the same way and that such learning that people are not born criminals. Pattern and behavior of crime are learned from others who commit crimes or from the individual environment. The interactionist theory states each person has the power to break the law. No one person is born with criminal intent, criminal behaviors is through thought interactions and with socialization especially within a group. Another theory is that social control theory that this is focus directly on the bond of people and individuals that are around them. This help shape their relationship and their behavior help out with the environments and personality that help people and keep them from committing crime. With this theory there were many theorist that were involved from 1950 until present. Walter C. Reckless, Howard B. Kaplan, Tr... ... middle of paper ... ...od occurs as a person moves from childhood to adulthood, and life course theorists have identified at least seven developmental tasks that American adolescents must confront: (1) establishing identity, (2) cultivating symbiotic relationships, (3) defining physical attractiveness, (4) investing in a value system, (5) obtaining an education, (6) separating from family and achieving independence, and (7) obtaining and maintaining gainful employment.86 Youths are confronted with many obstacles or risks in their attempts to resolve these issues as they work to make a successful transition to adulthood.” Schmalleger (2012) I hope that after reading this paper you have a better understanding on how different theory in the social process theory and social development works. There have been theories that I classify under the social process theory. I hope that you enjoy.

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