Critical values include: “primacy of victims, offenders, and communities of care; collective responsibility; social justice; and cultural flexibility” (Bazemore & Schiff, 2001, p. 176). The values underlying restorative conferencing offer primacy to the interests of those most influenced by offending including- victims, offenders, and their communities of care. Restorative conferencing accentuates the presence of shared values that can be utilized to address the offending and its outcomes and to reintegrate victims and offenders at the local community level. Restorative values emphasize human rights and the need to perceive the effects of social or substantive injustice (Bazemore & Schiff,
“Restorative justice is an approach to crime and other wrongdoings that focuses on repairing harm and encouraging responsibility and involvement of the parties impacted by the wrong.” This quote comes from a leading restorative justice scholar named Howard Zehr. The process of restorative justice necessitates a shift in responsibility for addressing crime. In a restorative justice process, the citizens who have been affected by a crime must take an active role in addressing that crime. Although law professionals may have secondary roles in facilitating the restorative justice process, it is the citizens who must take up the majority of the responsibility in healing the pains caused by crime. Restorative justice is a very broad subject and has many other topics inside of it.
Retribution is the theory that says punishment is justified because it is deserved. Retribution sees punishment as a question of responsibility (Siegel, 2013). Corrections take place in particular to shape beliefs on crime and punishment. Because of Corrections, every aspect of the process is important. That would be victims, criminals, employees, professionals, and the public.
The Department of Corrections allows the protection of the community by operating safe, secure facilities that keep offenders under firm, fair practices. There is a wide range of treatment including educational and vocational programs that help the offenders become rehabilitated citizens. Corrections have the duty to punish and reform offenders. I believe that offenders should be penalize for breaking the law, but also the offender should have the opportunity to reform and turn away from crime. Corrections starting point is that the public must be protected from those offenders who pose a threat.
Restorative justice is a collaborative decision-making process that includes victims, offenders and others seeking to hold offenders accountable by having them: (1) accept and acknowledge responsibility for their offences, (2) to the best of their ability repair the harm they caused to victims and communities, and (3) work to reduce the risk of re-offense by building positive social ties to the community (Karp, 2004). Restorative Justice is just one of many justice mechanisms used in society. There are many forms of justice, which is why Kathleen Daly (2012) proposed the term “innovated justice” to be used as an umbrella concept to encompass all forms that contain justice mechanism. Justice is typically associated with the criminal justice
The groundwork of how the criminal justice system is laid today, despite some major tweaks and changes along the way, still has remnants of the classical school of criminology. With people having free will, an attraction to crime, the ability to possibly lower crime through fear of reprimand or punishment, and knowing that crime must be severe, certain, and swift, the components of the classical school of criminology are very helpful and powerful (Siegel, 2011, p. 9, para. 1). Specific deterrence is a great tool to use to show the criminal just how severe a punishment can be (Siegel, 2011, p. 100, para. 1).
The theory of deterrence aims to prevent offenders from repeating the crime that they have been convicted of. Sanctions wit... ... middle of paper ... ...e and proportionate to the seriousness of the offence that has been committed. That each case should be judged on the individual aggravating and mitigating factors associated with the offence and on the other individual details of the offence. The circumstances of the offender and the harm caused to the victim of the offence or to the community should have an impact on the severity of the punishment that the offender will receive. It is therefore accurate to say that punishment should be commensurate with the seriousness of the crime.
Circle of Peace is a restorative justice program designed to deal with the trauma and violence of domestic violence (Mills, Barocas, & Ariel, 2013). This program focuses on meeting needs of both victim and abuser. To meet the needs of victim and abuser, Circle of Peace attempts to go beyond criminal punishment. To do this, Circle of Peace mediates restorative justice between the victim and abuser. The program also works with judges by educating them on alternatives to criminal punishment, such as helping abuser come to terms with exerting power and control over victims.
Lastly, there is the third pillar of restorative justice engagement, which is the people who have an interest or stake in the crime. Restorative justice truly does try to balance the concerns for all by adapting the offender back into the community. It accomplishes this by educating, training, and helping the offender. The criminal justice system and restorative justice are truly as different as night and
The community must take an active role in addressing the crimes that have been committed. This can include speaking on very traumatic experiences that they have experienced and having to revisit them which can be very hard. The restorative justice approach is a way to encourage the reconciliation process. The main idea that is encouraged through restorative justice is that time heals. Advantages of the restorative justice are that victims get to present their stories to offenders and this makes it more personal.