Correctional staff members must possess a certain mentality to work within our prisons walls. High turn over rates as well as a lack of new recruits can be attributed to low pay verses high risk (North Carolina Department of Public Safety, 2014). Employee satisfaction must be increased if we are to keep current staff members or to successfully recruit new members. As of 2008 our prisons are home to approximately 2.3 million people (Aizenman, 2008). Our correctional staff numbers are not meeting the demand.
Some of the major effects that are seen on children is the economic decline,…………… The majority of the time when a parent is in prison, it is the father. In many cases, the father had a job before being incarcerated and was the bread winner for his family (Nielsen, 2012 pg 239). This economic decline causes major stress on the family but mainly the child. With the loss of income, the mother or other caregiver is left with the burden of picking up the slack. Picking up the slack forces the caregiver to get two or more jobs; this keeps them from actually caring for their children.
ABSTRACT: This research paper is focused on released convicts and the struggles they face to become active, progressive members of society. Sadly, these released offenders regularly face discrimination in their job searches, in attempts to secure housing for themselves and their families, and to be accepted by their communities. Without the right support structures in place upon their release, these former prisoners may very well fall back into lives of crime. Without a suitable place to stay, these released offenders may become recidivists, falling back into their familiar roles as law breakers, if only to provide the basic necessities for themselves and their families. Statistically, more than one third of released offenders end up back in jail within a year of their initial release.
Several changes in the 70's through the 80's may have been reason for homelessness due to the cheap hotel prices going up and of course one simple cannot afford housing if he or she is homeless ("Homelessness.”). Today America has many young adults on the streets because of issues at home. There are several issues that would cause a student to become homeless. Running away from family or an intolerable house situation because of physical, emotional, sexual a... ... middle of paper ... ...ut in reality, there are various citizens that are suffering from some kind of financial problem. All over the world there is an issue with poverty and homelessness.
560). It is hard to imagine that a prisoner, who completes their maximum sentence, is released back into the community without any type of supervision. After being told what to do, how to do it, and when to do it for so long, a person is going to have difficulty transitioning back to an independent life. Personal and economic deficits add to the problems of prisoner reentry as well. Siegel (2017) mentions that young men and women with a long history of drug abuse and criminal behavior and who have an antisocial personality with childhood dysfunctions are more likely to fall back into their old criminal habits and end up reincarcerated.
This especially affects people who were put in jail at a young age. They tend to fall into a routine that the prison provides for them. They can become depressed, alienated from other people, and are even under constant suspicion that someone is going to take advantage of them. This can lead to problems down the road for people who are released from prison and need to make a life for themselves. Finally, prison guards are known for being a dangerous entity in prisons.
The Challenges of an Inmate Returning to Society Society’s failure to act is creating a devastating effect on America. More and more ex-cons are being released from prisons annually, causing an overload to the federal, and state funded “aftercare” programs. With tightening budgets, and a poor economy, many of these programs are either non-existent or filled to capacity, making them ineffective. Thus the high rate of recidivism. The success of an inmate reentering society and becoming a productive citizen depends highly on proper supervision, viable employment opportunities, and sincere programs to help him/her with alcohol or drug addiction, among other social programs.
This poses even more problems since women are underpaid relative to men in the workforce, childcare costs must be considered, and many of these women do not have the necessary skills to obtain a job, which would pay a living wage, which could support her and the children. Black male incarceration has done much to ensure that black female-headed households are now equal with poverty. Black male imprisonment also has much to do with rising black male unemployment rates. As these men re-enter the workforce they now likely have less skills than when they first entered prison. There are few, if any, programs, which train these men to effectively re-enter society.
Most of the former inmates tend to have limited job skills and poor employment history. When coupled with a criminal record, these deficits can lead to exponential challenges in finding or keeping a job (Batastini, Bolanos, & Morgan, 2014). Employers are reluctant to hire people with drug addiction and criminal record. I feel it should be the state’s responsibility to release inmate/people in better condition than they came in jail or prison. This involves teaching them about making better choices about their life during rehabs in prison.
They struggle while in prison and t causes a significant change within themselves, while incarcerated and after being released. The majority of those incarcerated, will be released back into society and this means society needs to work together in order to help them restore and rehabilitate. Many inmates are released after serving only two thirds of their sentence. Many entered prison with little to no employment experience or education, addictions. They have a history of childhood abuse/neglect, and most come from an impoverished background/poverty, have mental health issues, negative peer influences.