In short, unlike the social contract of Hobbes which gives absolute and unlimited powers to the sovereign ruler, the original contract of Locke gives only limited powers to the community; it is not a bond of slavery but charter of freedom. In the hands of Locke the contract theory is made to serve the purpose for which it was originally enunciated; namely, to defend the liberty of the individual against the claim to absolute authority on the part of the ruler. It hardly needs pointing out that Locke uses it to preserve as much of natural freedom to the individual as possible.
Is the civil state social contract designed to protect the sovereign people or the individual citizen? Although they say that the civil state's social contract was designed to protect the sovereign people; nevertheless, the civil state's social contract is designed to protect the individual citizen because of natural liberty, inalienable rights, free will, and conscience. The civil state social contract is designed to protect the individual citizen because of natural liberty. First, it is important to protect the individual citizen’s natural liberty because of freedom, equality, and independence. Individual citizens are all born free meaning he or she has their own political power.
1. Explain Locke 's views on property, taxing and collective consent. John Locke According to John Locke 's Theories Two Treaties of Government (1690), he believed that every person was born free and equal in which he calls the State of Nature. Although people are free however, they cannot do whatever they want. Governing the State of Nature is the Law of Nature.
I believe that the veterans of this country should be taken care of just as equally as the politicians of this country are. Veterans are the very people that have defended our rights and our country; they have defended my dream for this country to be equal. Healthcare should be equal across the board for everyone because the sick should not have to die because they can 't afford
The right to life can only be derived when one has full ownership on him or her. The right to free speech or right to liberty, which mostly refers to right to move or freedom to act as one may deem fit – subject to stepping on rights of others – are all included in right to life. All other rights are the outcome of this basic right to life that comes with self-ownership. John Locke in his essay The Second Treatise of Second Government has stated that human being has a property in his own self, on which nobody else but only an that individual has any right. “Every man has a property in his own person: this no body has any right to but himself.
In our country everyone will be treated equally regardless of their wealth or status, which we all desire. Here, no one will be overworked or underpaid; we will all share the revenue that is created by our fellowman. Lastly, there will be low taxes which will go toward funding our military. Our military will be used to protect citizens so they will not live in fear, it will not be used to police our people, like fascists. In the end communism will benefit us by allowing everyone to feel safe and equal.
In the words of James Madison, “If men were angels, no government would be necessary.” This was from Federalist #51 and states the only way government wouldn’t be needed is if we all were perfect angels and we wouldn’t need rules. The Declaration of Independence means to me that all men and women join freely together to make an equal government for the U.S. This is basically said in the preamble by a famous quote: "All men are created equal." The ideal of our government have remained true over 225 years. The U.S. grants its citizens with the rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion, etc, which separates us from other countries.
Individual liberty is the central concern of both Montesquieu and Locke, but each has a different approach to achieving it. Locke’s universalism and Montesquieu’s balance of power both seek to maximize the freedom and liberty in society. But really how free are we under universalism? Are those in the minority truly free and equal in society? Is it better to live in the extreme of an ideal or one more tempered?
Inalienable rights are rights according to natural law-- rights that cannot be taken away, denied, or transferred away from one. These rights present everyone with equal opportunity, as stated within the Declaration of Independence. Examples of such rights include the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In order to protect these rights, the Founders and Framers set up limits within the government. Limits exist at every avenue of government and are clearly stated within many important documents vital to the American government’s history.
Similarly, we live lives of choice and independence because of the same document while other countries limit all the rights we are guaranteed in the Constitution. Simply put, “The Constitution is important because it protects individual freedom, and its fundamental principles govern the United States. The Constitution places the government 's power in the hands of the citizens. It limits the power of the government and establishes a system of checks and balances”