In the late 18th century, scientists began to investigate the effects of music on the human body; however, using music as a healing medium dates back to ancient times. There are many forms and techniques of music therapy that aid a variety of disabilities having to do with communication, behavioral issues, the autism spectrum, and healing technique. Even for musicians, music is their personal form of therapy to express their emotions and feelings they cannot usually articulate in any other way through song. Music is an effective form of therapy because it allows the disabled to communicate freely through the emotions that are felt and expressed by the composer. It creates a pathway for healing and transformation by tapping into human emotions that would otherwise have been left dormant.
From http://www.clinical-depression.co.uk. Wellington, T. (2010, July 17). How Music Therapy Can Help Eliminate Anxiety and Panic Attacks. Ezinearticles. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
Effects of music as nursing intervention for people diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Pain Management Nursing, 14, e39-e46. Retrieved from Zhang, J., Wang, P., Yao, J., Zhao, L., Davis, M. P., Walsh, D., & Yue, G. H. (2012, October 2). Music interventions for psychological and physical outcomes in cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Support Care Cancer, 20, 3043-3053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-012-1606-5
Exploring nursing staff's attitudes and use of music for older people with dementia in long-term care facilities. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 1776-1783. Retrieved from 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03633.x (Sung, Lee, Chang & Smith, 2011) Vasionyté, I., & Madison, G. (2013). Musical intervention for patients with dementia: a meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22, 1203-1216. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12166 (Vasionyté & Madison, 2013) Wall, M., & Duffy, M. (2010).
Alzheimer's Association. Retrieved April 22, 2014, from http://www.alz.org/index.asp Sambandham, (1995). Music as a nursing intervention for residents with alzheimer's disease in long-term care. Geriatric Nursing (New York, N.Y.), 16(2), 79-83. doi:10.1016/S0197-4572(05)80011-4 Simmons-Stern, (2010). Music as a memory enhancer in patients with alzheimer's disease.
Furthermore, its use and impact on the amelioration of human health in the areas of anxiety, pain, stress and others are still being explored (Pratt, 2004). Indeed documentation regarding the positive impact on health through music is found prior to biblical times(Podolsky, 1934). Harvey, (1991) outlined that in 550BC, the Greek philosopher Pythagoras discovered that music healed the sick. In more recent history, Florence Nightingale believed that music influenced the healing process of the sick (Nightingale, 1992). She added that instruments that produce conti... ... middle of paper ... ...., Ginsberg, B., Gordon, D. B., .
Music has been used to aid in the healing process since Florence Nightingale first noticed its effect on her patients (Murrock & Higgins, 2009). Since then we have moved forward with the notion that music can be encouraging both for recovery and for treatment (Murrock & Higgins, 2009). There is evidence that music can promote psychological well-being and encourage movement (Dwyer, 1995; Macone, Baldari, Zelli & Guidetti, 2006). Music can also be used as a therapeutic route for expression, movement, and conceptualization (O’Callaghan, Barry, & Thompson, 2010). The aging population seems to benefit from music making as well, both in regards to those with dementia and those without dementia (Cevasco, 2010; Creech, Hallam, Varvarigou, McQueen & Gaunt, 2013).
Hearing and music in dementia. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 129, 667–687. http://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-62630-1.00037-8 Raglio, A., Filippi, S., Bellandi, D., & Stramba-Badiale, M. (2014). Global music approach to persons with dementia: evidence and practice. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9, 1669–1676.
Also helping children and infants with their development , as well as developmental delays. Looking in depth at the research one can get a better understanding of the positive healing effects music therapy provides for many different patients health problems. The idea of music as a healing method that could effect health and behavior, began as early has Plato and Aristotle. What we know as music therapy today started after the two world wars, when musicians would go to veterans hospitals and play for the wounded veterans who where suffering from physical and emotional trauma associated with the wars. (American) The patients had noticeable physical and emotional responses to the music which led doctors and other health care professionals to hire musicians to play for their patients.
References Aldridge, D. (1994). An overview of Music Therapy Research. Complementary therapies in Medicine, 209-210. American Music therapy Association. (2013).