Arthur Miller shows how power can be a corrupting influence and how it can blind the judgment of authoritative figures. The most pervasive effect of power is the deprivation of judgment. Judge Danforth is blinded by his power as it causes him to be unjust in the proceedings of the Salem Witch Trials. He is also blinded by his reputation and brags about his power by claiming “Seventy-two condemned to hang by my signature” (Miller 1133). Similarly, his power and influence prevent him from hearing a defense in the witch trials, even when offered a proper defense by Giles Corey, Danforth calls for Giles’ arrest for being in contempt of the court.
These choices lead her to become a changed character by the end of the play, and are the reason she abandoned her heartache and pain and escapes the place where her difficulties had begun. Breaking sacred religious laws in Salem had had consequences Abigail Williams could never imagine. Perhaps this is why Puritans considered lying a deadly sin – it truly could be deadly, and not just for the liar. Works Cited Miller, Arthur. The Crucible.
They led a very austere and bleak life. The people of Salem - from which the audience derive their "good" and "evil" characters - were superstitious and highly religious, and their Theocratic form of government offered them security and unity. However, this strong religious background also offered the option to use it misguidedly to promote the evil of false accusations. The excessive and blind religious fanaticism... ... middle of paper ... ...n 1947 but a year later in 1958 his conviction was quashed by the Supreme Court. The play is relevant to any society destroyed by fear, suspicion, paranoia and accusation - other societies where something similar has happened include East Germany under communism after World War 2, Afghanistan under the Taliban and China under the Cultural Revolution when the Red Guards would decry people for being bourgeois reactionaries.
At first, one may feel sorrow for Parris for being the center piec... ... middle of paper ... ...rucible, the many faults exhibited by the characters: Reverend Parris, Abigail, John Proctor were used in a symbolic degree to display the personality issues and how these characteristics are destructive to society as a whole. From Parris, we see an egoistic, rapacious, and crooked sleaze whose main goal is to prolong the witch trials and to denounce those he despises. On the other hand, Abigail is seen as a manipulative, vengeful, and ruthless sleazeball. While John Proctor is seen as an egocentric, lecherous, and obstinate person. The lesson learned here is simple.
Also, Abigail allows innocent people to be alleged and sometimes even hanged without a chance to defend themselves. Her main reason was to prove the hypocrisy within the town. “Let you beware, Mr. Danforth. Think you to be so mighty that the power of Hell may not turn your wits? Beware of it!” Abigail is hinting that no one especially Danforth, who is loaded with power and authority is able to escape the devil.
In the marvelous pamphlet, the unavoidable religious austerity of the time is clearly depicted, as Miller is proving “an argument in favour of moral flexibility.”(Miller Budick, 537) This religious misapprehension steers humanity in the town of Salem to an entire misperception of truth, as it wrongfully incriminates innocent human beings. The court and their heretic foolishness stubbornly proceed with these enforcing the false instead of the true. In the first act of the play, the incident that occurred in the forest is introduced as well as the mysterious illness of Betty. A well known minister is immediately called upon this severe complication. His name is John Hale of Beverly and he has come to unravel this obscure matter.
Protestants and reformed Catholics believed and preached that magic was a sin that was controlled by the devil and that the only way to protect themselves against this evil was to kill the d... ... middle of paper ... ...the witch-craze was fueled by superstition, which caused social intolerance. A lot of people were victimized because their beliefs differed from majority of the population and some people were just falsely accused. The Protestant and Catholic churches were responsible for these witch hunts because they were the ones who declared it a crime, determined how the issue would be handled and ordered for these people to be prosecuted. Basically anyone who didn’t conform to the Christian beliefs and questioned authority were accused and punished. As a result of these witch hunts, majority of Europe converted to orthodox Christianity.
Ultimately, this would result in events like the Salem Witch Trials where innocent people were put to death due to false suspicion of individuals performing witchcraft and becoming possessed by the Devil. Ironically, while the church merely intended to bolster both its image and following with these accusations, the widespread panic that resulted put Satanism on the map, and “several scholars identify fundamentalist Christianity as one of the major influences shaping and driving the” onset of the Satanist movement (Underwager and Wakefield, 281). This sheds light on the true relationship between the conflicting belief systems of Christianity and Satanism. Although the two are at odds on even the most basic levels, their relationship is largely codependent. Christianity uses the fear surrounding Satanism and the
The Middle Ages was a time of instability and corruption, which was when Dante Alighieri lived. Dante wrote about the horrible era because he wanted to show his hatred towards the current leaders. In the Inferno, he illustrates the unethical community vividly by the use of influential figures that disobey the laws. Additionally, Dante uses imagery in Hell that shows the connection between the Earthly sins and gruesome punishments that portray a vivid image emotionally attached to the church. Furthermore, Dante’s orthodoxy expresses mockery because the church did not always have a clear interpretation for the placement of a multiple sinner, thus exposing the inconsistent church.
In “Arthur Miller’s Introduction to His Collected Plays,” Miller explains, “the sin of public terror divests man of conscience, of himself” (51). The widespread paranoia in Salem leads Puritans to disregard their moral beliefs in order to save their lives. However, Elizabeth