The Importance Of Language Instruction

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Recent studies, as described by Lyster in the Handbook have put forth the theory that the most effective means to teach a language is a counterbalanced approach that includes some form-focused instruction in content-based classrooms and, at the same time, putting “more emphasis on experiential strategies in traditional programs where the target language is taught as a subject” (615). It seems this method of instruction would obviously be the most effective method of language instruction. Providing both useful context for language demonstration and explanation of the framework of the language covers all types of learners and all of the functions of language. However, the implementation of such curricula would be quite difficult in any mainstream…show more content…
Freewriting activities, games, and structured input are a few examples of how a teacher may guide ESL students through processing new information. “Structured input” is generally developed as a list of statements which students respond to by agreeing or disagreeing with in whatever way appropriate at an individual level (Nassaju and Fotos 28). The answers are not counted as correct or incorrect, written or verbal, leaving the student to feel free to express himself without fear of a grade. An ESL instructor could develop structured input activities for each of the subject matter classes. These activities would include vocabulary relevant to the subject matter and grammatical structures matching those being taught in the language arts classes. These few examples show how a school system might implement a comprehensive ESL program that includes all subject-matter…show more content…
For many students, academic writing is a foreign language. Presenting the materials in new and interesting ways, like one would do in an ESL classroom, is crucial. Modern students expect classes to be engaging and practical. Classes should give students an understanding of why the subject matter is important, as well as how to use the information. Modern American culture has trained students to question the importance of everything, and, just like language teachers explaining why it is important to differentiate between ‘bored’ and ‘boring,’ mainstream teachers need to break down the concepts in a way that shows the effects on the students personally, how communication can drastically affect the way a person
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