There are IQ tests that produce a single intelligence. However, many argue that these tests are too vague and that these tests do not consider factors that play a role in an individual’s intelligence. While this is true, psychologists have used this test to conduct studies on what affects intelligence levels. Three significant factors that have been studied on and that are believed to
Because of the many problems and variables, research shows that standardized tests do not accurately measure intelligence. Many people, including educators, believe that the ACT and SAT are one in the same (9). Many people view these tests as indicators of how well you will do in college and the rest of your life (9). These tests are regarded as definitive measures of a person’s intellectual ability (9). Most, if not all, of these beliefs and views are wrong (9).
While the IQ test is generally used and widely accepted they have been criticized for several different reasons. One is that the test by its nature measures how well a person does answering questions on paper. However it is well-known that not all forms of intelligence involve memorizing words or solving equations. Recently there has been a movement in psychology regarding something called EQ or emotional quotient. What this is saying that there should also be a rating for people that are particularly able to deal with other people and social situations.
He believes that the theory of unitary ability is not fully valid because if humans had only one construct or the same type of intelligence, we would be able to use the same method of teaching to every individual. However, every individual do have a different set of learning styles and abilities to grab information and response differently towards a situation. From this, Gardner (1983) grouped the abilities into seven forms; logical-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily, intrapersonal, interpersonal and linguistic. Some learn best through logical thinking, some need to do action–based activities, some are have good thought process in language and others are good at thinking structurally. Given this example, all of us actually acquire an individual combination of all the intelligence; one can have strengths in linguistics and musical.
Many theories explain intelligence. Cattell, Gardener, Sternberg, Galton, & Spearman are just a few of those theorists. Intelligence is a wide scope and will be seen throughout this research paper. ‘‘Intelligence is the ability or abilities to acquire and use knowledge for solving problems and adapting to the world’’ (Woolfolk,1998). The two main ways of measuring intelligence is ‘G’ and ‘S’ intelligence.
Intelligence is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills. For a while now there has been a question "are there multiple types of intelligence or just one?" Some people debate that there is only one type of intelligence and everything else is a skill or ability. Others say that there all multiple different intelligences and each effect you differently. Some well-known theories for multiple intelligences are Gardner's theory and Sternberg's theory which explain that each area of skill is categorized under intelligence.
There are certain individuals whose level of intelligence may be negatively affected by their genetic makeup, which causes people to believe that intelligence testing is in fact unfair. There are individuals who are intellectually disabled that are categorized as mild, moderate, severe, and profound which is measured by their ability to support their needs. Some of these issues are caused by chromosomal or genetic disorders which cannot be helped. There are also individuals who are especially gifted in certain areas of intelligence and they make up less than 1% of the population. In 1921, Lewis M. Terman chose 1,528 children, 857 boys and 671 girls, and studied each of their intelligence levels.
Many times in our society intelligence is judged by test scores, careers, and success. Although these methods of measuring intelligence are not always accurate they are still used. IQ tests are given to people and the scores on these tests are supposed to reflect the level of intelligence a person has. What makes these tests so accurate? What about intelligent people who do not take tests well?
Bias could be a part of intelligence testing and be good for certain groups because of the way some questions are worded. Some individuals will test much higher in these specific groups as opposed to those that are not in the group, but not forgetting that culture experiences play a role in test scores. Individuals tested might have scores immeasurable because of conventional test that do not take into account one’s skills or capabilities. Intelligence test is determined and valid for general and basic skill set, but cannot determine overall how knowledgeable the individual truly is. To some up intelligence test are not effective in measuring an individual’s ability because several issues could arise and IQ test ought to be shunned (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
Some people are more inclined towards certain intelligence types than others. Again, this is something they are born with, but that doesn’t mean that they can’t improve their other intelligence types through hard work and accumulation of knowledge. The intelligences listed above are not comprehensive, though they provide a solid framework with which we should look at intelligence in the