The Importance Of Individualism In The Novels Of Rabelais
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Individualism emphasises on the self over the wider community. As a central dimension of the western tradition Bell Hooks argues that the denial of the connection that humans have with nature, as encouraged by individualism is the reason for the acceptability of human domination. The doctrine of individualism, the body and ecology have a relationship. The analysis of the novels of Rabelais involving outlandish and vulgar exploits of giants Gargantuan and Pantagruel by Bakhtin’s reveal why Rabelais is considered so offensive today.
Bakhtin’s analysis shows that there has been a historic shift in human’s conception of the human body from the carnivalesque body to the classical body (Bell, 2012). The carnivalesque body - an ecological body that…show more content… The body’s ecological connections are shameful. This shift is a symbol of hierarchy as human have now removed themselves from nature. Individualism has taught us to just dominate nature and ignore it, Jacklyn Cock articulates this in his book ‘the war against ourselves. It is very common that in many urbanised areas including in Johannesburg to find that most people have meat as their daily bread they do not even know where it comes from or have never even seen the animals that produce the meat. It is this ignorance that is very catastrophic to nature. As it encourages environmental domination as it says that the people who manufacture meat and its products must have a right to capture animals in large quantities, in unfavourable conditions, genetically modify and brutally slaughter them in order to meet the food demands of the people. When I asked a friend the reason why he thinks that it is okay for genetic scientists to dominate nature. He answered as follows, “This domination is not that bad as you’re making it sound, it is because of genetic modification that we can have healthy fresh food on the table, many people who could have been dead today are…show more content… The state of nature of nature – environment and the human order in which human lived before civilisation - was regarded as inferior and barbaric to civilised society by some of the greatest thinkers including Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. According to Barry John Locke’s view of the state of nature was one of horror and worthless in its untouched state and hence proposed private property (individualism) as the perfect and most productive way for humans to relate (Barry, 2007) . Just as John Locke is in contradiction of Jean – Jacques Rousseau’s idea of the state of nature as a positive a positive stage in human evolution so is Thomas Hobbes. Thomas Hobbes’s idea of a state of nature was rude state of nature – a primitive, uncultured and backward stage of social