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The Importance Of Inclusion In Special Education

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Inclusion is a viewpoint that involves the commitment to educate each child to the greatest extent possible in the school and classroom the child would attend if he or she were without a disability. The goal of inclusion is to involve all students with disabilities, including severe disabilities, in academic and non-academic activities (Alquraini & Gut, 2012). When reading the literature regarding inclusion, two additional terms are often mentioned: (a) mainstreaming and (b) full inclusion. Mainstreaming has generally been used to refer to the placement of special education students in one or more general education class. Mainstreaming allows for students with disabilities to receive special education services in a separate
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There are advocates for both sides of the issue. Proponents to inclusion believe that all students belong in the general education classroom and teachers should be able to meet the needs of all students, including those with disabilities, within the general education classroom. On the other side are those who believe that trying to force all students into an inclusive setting can be just as unfair as trying to fit all students in special education into a separate class (Alquraini & Gut, 2012). Another argument against inclusion is the extent of accommodations and modifications required to include students with severe disabilities in the general education classroom. Alquraini and Gut (2012) stated that “an abundance of literature focuses on the fact that inclusion for students with severe disabilities requires a great deal of effort to accommodate and adapt content of the general education curriculum, modify instructions, and use assistive technology” (p.…show more content…
It aims to involve all students with disabilities, including severe disabilities, in academic and non-academic activities (Alquraini & Gut, 2012). According to Kenyon (2004), quality inclusion “must fit the details of day-to-day classroom instruction, it must be perceived by teachers, as being effective for all students and it must enhance the teacher’s current repertoire of instructional methods” (p. 10-11). There is support for inclusive education. Research has indicated that there are many positive effects of students with disabilities being placed in a setting with general education peers as opposed to self-contained classrooms (Katz & Mirenda, 2002b; Turner & Traxler,