The Importance Of Freudian Approach In Literature

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2. 3 The importance of Freudian approach in literature There are certain psychoanalytic concepts expressed by Sigmund Freud that can be applied to interpret literary texts. literary texts, like dreams, articulate the secret unconscious desires and concerns of the author, that a literary work is a expression of the author’s own neuroses. One may psychoanalyze a particular character within a literary work, but it is usually assumed that all such characters are outcrops of the author’s psyche. The interesting side of this approach is that it confirms the importance of literature, as it is built on a literary key for the making out. Lois Tyson points out, aspects of psychoanalysis have become so embedded in our culture that…show more content…
The author’s own childhood traumas, family life, sexual conflicts, fixations, and such will be traceable within the behavior of the characters in the literary work. By applying the methods of psychoanalysis both to literary characters and their authors, one can better understand and interpret literature often at the same time. This is most regularly done by treating the work as a dream and interpreting the content to find the hidden meaning, achieved through a close analysis of the language and symbolism. But psychological material will be expressed indirectly, disguised, or encoded (as in dreams) through principles such as “symbolism” (the repressed object represented in disguise), “condensation” (several thoughts or persons represented in a single image), and “displacement” (anxiety located onto another image by means of…show more content…
They let go their neurotic tension through creative work. Such creative work offers us insights into the nature of realism and the people who exist in it. Thus, psychoanalyzing a literary text provides us a deep understanding of the ‘unconscious’ of the author which is supported by Freud’s first theory “Primacy of the Unconscious”. In fact all of Freudian concepts can be set up in the study of characters and their actions in a literary text, and at the same time provides us with a thorough understanding of the nature of man in all-purpose. Freud also emphasizes that artists own extraordinary abilities that put them apart from the neurotic personality. This special genius not only allows the artist to overcome, at least partly, personal conflicts and repressions, but also makes it possible for the audience or readers to gain comfort from their own unconscious sources of fulfillment which had until that time become unreachable to them. Thus, literature and art, distinct from dreams and neuroses, may serve the artist as a mode of fantasy that opens “the way back to
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