The Importance Of Food Deserts

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In the New York City, one of the wealthiest cities in the world approximately 1.4 million people go hungry everyday (“Food poverty in NYC”). Many neighborhoods in the New York city do not have an opportunity to make healthy food choices due to the fact that communities of lower-income and racial or ethnic minorities suffer from the death of private investment and the inequitable distribution of public resources. Numerous studies have shown that lack of healthy food options is linked to obesity, heart disease, and a wide variety of other chronic health diseases (“A Look Inside Food Deserts,” 2012). The ability to eat healthy depends upon the food resources available in a community. Limited access to supermarkets within convenient traveling distance with affordable, healthy food options (especially fresh fruits and vegetables) creates a food desert and significant barriers to healthy eating that are too high for many individuals and families to overcome. The food deserts are also referred to as food insecure. According to the the World Health Organization (WHO), food security is “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe , nutritious foods to maintain a healthy and active life” (WHO, 2009). The WHO identifies three main elements of food security: food availability, food access, and food utilization. Food availability means that healthy foods are readily available to the individuals in reasonable distance, while food access defined as having the necessary…show more content…
Family or friends have an impact an individual’s eating behavior and influence an individual’s food choices directly and indirectly. Even when a person eats alone social factors influence the food intake, because attitudes and habits develop through the interaction with others. In addition, social support may benefit a person by by encouraging and supporting healthy eating practices (“Why we eat what we eat”,

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