The Importance Of Extreme Poverty

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Extreme poverty has been cut by more than half since 1990, however, more than 800 million people around the world still live on less than $1.25 a day. Poverty includes the lack of basic services: hunger, education, and social discrimination and exclusion. Creating comprehensive policy frameworks at the national and international levels based on stimulating economic growth for the poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, can support faster investment decisions as well as poverty eradication actions.

Nearly 3.1 million under the age of 5 die yearly due to poor nutrition. Worldwide, 1 in 9 people are malnourished. Agriculture is a main source of revenue for rural households and the single largest employer in the world. In Asia and Africa,
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Preventable child deaths and maternal mortality have reduced by more than half. However, malaria, tuberculosis, polio, and the spread of HIV/AIDS are still the main causes of death in children under the age of five. Efforts to increase access to clean water and sanitation have been made to reduce these mostly preventable diseases.

In developing regions, children from the poorest households are four times more likely to be out of school than those of the richest house-holds. Since 2000, the primary school enrolment rate in developing regions has reached 91%. Although, access does not always mean quality of education, or completion of primary school. As of now, 103 million youth worldwide still lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60% are women.

There are still gross inequalities in work and wages, lots of unpaid “women’s work” such as child care and discrimination in public decision-making, on a lighter note, there are more girls are in school now compared than compared to 2000. A majority of regions have reached gender parity in primary education and the percentage of females being paid for labor is also
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As the world’s population continues to increase, the number of people in need of cheap energy for everyday business also increases. The fossil fuels used to produce this energy is having harmful effects on the climate with greenhouse gas emissions; causing major problems on each continent. Investing in clean, alternative energy sources such as wind and solar can help meet these needs for electricity while also protecting the environment.

In order to achieve economic growth, people must have jobs that pay well enough to support themselves and their families. The middle class of developing nations has tripled in size within the last 25 years. In 2015, there were still inequalities and job growth cannot keep up with the growing labor force; over 200 million people are unemployed. Promoting policies that encourage job creation can eradicate forced labor as well as slavery and human trafficking.

Technological advances have helped address global challenges: creating jobs and becoming more energy efficient. Yet, four billion people do not have internet access. Being interconnected allows people to benefit from the contributions of others from around the world. Advances in innovation and infrastructure, promoting sustainable industries, and investment in scientific research can enable sustainable

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