A true nature-lover’s dream, ecotourism allows the average traveller to enjoy pristine nature in its original form. Ecotourism, also known as jungle tourism, responsible tourism, and sustainable development, is one of the fastest growing trends in the tourism industry. Defined as responsible travel that benefits environmental conservation and improves the well being of local people, it acts as an alternative to conventional tourism, aiming to educate the traveller, provide funds for ecological conservation, foster respect and increase awareness of different cultures. It is a truly unique experience, where one has the opportunity to visit a corner of the earth that has evaded the touch of human hands. Ecotourism was the product of the union of mass tourism and environmental awareness.
New Zealand tourism is largely reliant on 'Eco-tourism' so to maintain the tourism industry it is imperative that our environment is conserved. However tourism itself can have negative effects on the environment. The tourism sector must act responsibly in its use of the environment and any use must be sustainable. It is the economic effects of tourism which bring the most benefit to the host nation. Tourism is a low import user which means more of the money earned here stays here.
Hence the economic benefit will stay in the local area. Employing local people ecotourism creates a value for local knowledge, and with this comes increased awareness. Tourism can act as a lever for protecting this local knowledge, local culture and local
It is separated from mass or resort tourism by its lower influence on the environment, lower infrastructure requirements. Its purpose may be to educate tourists, provide funds for ecological conservation and directly benefit the economic development and political empowerment of local communities. In recent years, ecotourism has been sharply developing in many countries over the world and is attracting the attention of tourists. In addition to contributing nature conservation, protection of biodiversity and cultural communities, the development of ecotourism has brought overwhelming economic resource and also an opportunity to increase employment and improve incomes for local people, especially people in remote areas where the natural reserves and attractive landscapes has. Moreover, ecotourism also contributes to improving intellectual standards of the people through education about environmental protection, history, culture and recreation.
Ecological tourism describes the visitation to a place with the objective to experience nature while posing minimal damage to the ecosystem. As a form of an economic venture, the exploitation of the tourism resources can serve as the initiative for facilitating preservation of the environment if all stakeholders uphold the principles of the sustainability. The premise is that the tourism principles encourage visitors to provide a financial incentive that can inspire the local communities to advance conservation to sustain the source of revenue. As documented in the works of Holden exploring the relation between tourist action and experience, the tourism also recognizes the culture of the indigenous people and such promotes coexistence in a
Food products are going organic, tourists are becoming more eco-conscious and the trend of tourism is changing too. This is due to the rapid depletion rate of natural resources; much faster than what mankind can replenish or renew. Hence, in order to preserve our environment, culture and tradition, people are trying to find ways to sustain our resources. Lately, the buzz word that is frequently mentioned in tourism industry is sustainable tourism. Sustainable tourism is tourism that takes full account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment and host communities (UNWTO, 2005).
Moreover, the author has also made an expert testimony to support her views. The International Ecotourism Society (TIES) views ecotourism as ‘responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people’. The author also highlights that the promise of economic stability prompts many local communities to pursue ecotourism as a means of self-reliance but more often than not outside companies or governments
Ecotourism benefits the local communities and the environment through the preservation and conservation of natural and cultural resources. The involvement of local communities also assists in retaining financial benefits for the local people through the income of tourists. Governing bodies and responsible entities are therefore compelled to be proactive in conserving cultural and natural resources through responsible and sustainable tourism initiatives. Best Practices and Guidelines have been set out by various related organisations that direct nature conservation parks on methods and processes on the best possible ways to preserve and conserve natural and cultural resources. This study has provided a better understanding on all four fundamentals of ecotourism and how they are linked.
In the century of the globalization, tourism has become an important factor in most countries economy. Tourism sector is main financial source for development in some least developed countries and at its turn, developing and developed countries benefit from tourism significantly especially host countries. According to United Nations World Tourism Organization UNWTO (2011) the contribution of tourism to GDP of the world, which is equal to USD 2,155.4 billion, worldwide is estimated at some 5 percent. Tourism influences host countries economy positively by reducing unemployment rate, improving international exchange and increasing income for a host country. One of the main advantages of tourism for host country is additional job creation that
Ecotourism typically involves travel to destinations where the physical environment and cultural background are the main attractions and is meant to give tourist another view of the impact of human beings on the environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats. In recent years, “ecotourism has emerged as one of the fastest-growing sectors of the tourism market, influenced primarily by public demand for more environmentally and responsible tourism” (Boo, 1990, Eagles et al 1993). In addition, “ecotourism is the purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the culture and natural history of the environment; taking care not to alter the integrity of the ecosystem; producing economic opportunities that make the conservation of natural resources beneficial to local people” (Garen, 2000,221). In this paper, we will explore the concepts of the seven distinguishing ecotourism principles, “ involvement of travel to natural destinations, minimizes impacts, builds environmental awareness, provides direct financial benefits to conservation, provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people, respects local culture, and supports human rights and democratic movements. ” (Honey, 2008), and whether the Komodo National Park (KNP) possess these characteristics to be considered an ecotourism attraction.