Along the journey to the underworld the deceased’s spirit would have to argue their case with gods, strange creatures and gatekeepers in order to reach Osiris and the Hall of Final Judgment, where they would plead their case to be allowed to enter the afterlife. Osiris was the god and chief judge of the underworld. The ancient Egyptians believed him to be a former ruler who had been astonishingly restored to life after being murdered by his brother Seth. Due to this he became the symbol of hope for eternal life. In source B, the head of each god is used as a topper and are used for protection of the organs of the mummy.
When the Egyptians thought about what happened when they died, they decided that there would be another life in store for them. A life that lasts forever, just like their life on earth, with parties, hunting, games, and good meals. What is the definition of a mummy? Egyptians wanted to cheat death. They had to do many things to achieve the gift of rebirth into the after-life.
Ziggurats were built to honor the holiness of the gods and to appease them in hopes of attaining their blessings. The Mesopotamian peoples zealously enslaved their lives to serving the gods through admiration and obedience. However, absent from their faith was any established code of ethics or morality that distinguished righteousness from treachery. The Mesopotamian people knew solely of one purpose to satisfy the gods and the rulers formed codes of laws to affect societies in certain ways under the label deeming it as the will of the gods. Sumerians and Akkadians both inhabited the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia, sharing a common polytheistic faith in many gods.
Today, Egypt is known as a land of beauty and mystery due to the vast remains of numerous temples, majestic pyramids and divine works of art. Due to the harsh and arid condition of Egypt, that allowed preservation, many funerary remains have succeeded to modern times leaving many to interpret the rich Egyptian culture. These remains have emphasised the importance of religion and reinforced the beliefs of an afterlife following their deaths. Pyramids and tombs illustrate the importance of the pharaoh in Egyptian society and how they were perceived. Archaeological evidence of funerary customs show that religion was an integral part of Egyptian culture.
Life After Death The Romans, Greeks and Egyptians all share many common beliefs such as the belief in the Gods, spirits, souls and ultimately life after death. Although, these cultures share common beliefs, there are still very different ideas and ways in which they related and communicated with the dead. The Egyptians believed the idea of eternal and actual death was incomprehensible. As for the Greeks and Romans, they also share a similar view of what life is like after death, because they believed death was seen as "nothingness". To all of these cultures death was just a mere interruption of life and not the actual end of a life.
This myth, although mostly incomplete, was central to the Egyptian religion. It explained the importance of the Pharaoh, Ma’at, and establishes the Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife and magic. Egyptian mythology evolved and grew, like many other mythologies in other civilizations. The mythology, like every religion, was important to the Egyptian way of life. It was a guide that explained how to live their lives and to survive their death.
In addition they left amulets in their tombs to help with the afterlife. That then after the dead person was mummified so that they can keep their spirit the opportunity to reunite with their bodies, just ready for the flawless eternal life. However, before mummifying they would take all their organs out and put them in ceremonial jaws. Near the end of the Old Kingdom the book of the dead was mainly for pharaohs and high social elites. The magic spells were sketched on papyrus for pyramids and in tombs, of the dead.
This was a time when gods were perceived as human, and female goddesses were thought to have created the human race from clay. Death and Religion go hand-in-hand in this story because of the role the gods play. Only gods can escape death in a battle and in existence. We later find from Utnapishtim that, “When men draw up a contract they set a term. (…) Time and seasons are appointed for all.” In early Mesopotamia, it’s important to understand that civilization lived under prophecy, believed in faith, accepted hardship, and sought sanctity.
They allow people like us to gain knowledge of the Egyptian lifestyle. The only challenge today is finding people who are able to translate hieroglyphics into common languages spoken today. One hieroglyphics at the Albany Institute, in particular, was the “biography” of the mummy Ankhefenmut. The hieroglyphs told who he was, what he did in his lifetime, and how he prepared for his afterlife. Within his “biography”, it was stated that he was a sculptor and a priest.
They also believed that if they continued to repay the gods would stay happy and natural disasters would be avoided. The Aztec’s tradition of human sacrifices helped the culture thrive in many ways for example the creation, limited population, and kept the gods satisfied, all three of these things were crucial for the Aztec’s survival. The Aztec’s creation and how it led the ritual of human sacrificing baffles many people to this day.1 According to ancient Aztec religion, the gods tried five times to create the world. These failed attempts at creation were because of all the fighting among the gods. Tezcatlipoca the first god failed and out of rage turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world.