This research seeks to establish whether making the penalty stiff will work in repeating repeat and future offenders. This research is tied to a larger theory that harsh punishments act as a deterrent to crime. They work by making people not commit a crime for fear of the punishment that is going to follow. This research is applicable across many facets of crimes that are rampant. It is going to help identify whether enacting stricter laws and enforcing them helps in reducing the relate... ... middle of paper ... ... policies have to be able to effectively deal with the crime.
Relocating crimes to places where the community impact is less harmful is just as important as well. In a way, law enforcement can almost manage displacement in order to make it advantageous to society. Crime displacement is commonly referred to as the unwanted problem that comes along with crime prevention and programs. There are various forms of displacement that are widely studied and analyzed, some more than others. Overall, crime displacement is the result of crime-control policies and the amount of opportunities left for offenders.
The authors argue that without the teaching of these skills in the facility, sexual offenders will find it challenging to reintegrate into the community which could lead to offence relapse. This chapter was useful in identifying key skills that sex offenders must obtain before being released into the community to heighten the chances of success and for that reason it could assist me in my role as a probation and parole officer in my scenario (nine). Brown, Kevin, Jon Spencer, Jo Deakin, 2007, ‘’The Reintegration of Sex Offenders: Barriers and Opportunities for Employment’’, The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 46 (1) 32-42, accessed 10 March 2014, DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2311.2007.00452.x This article focuses on the barriers faced by sex offenders, regarding employment, and the anxieties that employers experience when employing sex offenders. The authors address the main barriers of employment, including poor levels of education and skills, employer discrimination, drug and alcohol addiction, lack of family support, an... ... middle of paper ... ...306624X11426132 This article reports on research conducted regarding convicted child sex offender’s expectations and experiences of reintegration into the community both prior and post release. It is noted that the majority of sex offenders interviewed feared their release and struggled to live in society once released.
Anything that goes against the penal system of a country i... ... middle of paper ... ..., 2010). Criminal Justice is composed of many lateral departments that help us define and better understand how crime can come about in our society. Crime can be learned and used to help one satisfy their personal gain and utilized to replace what is missing. Crime can be reduced by developing rules that enhance the social support that is needed to help families and the community educate them to keep their surrounding safe. By implementing custodial control and punishment can deter some crime but not eliminate it altogether.
This is done by slowly altering social behaviours and looking at the social upbringing and social structure people are exposed to. The Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity Theory is a preventative model that also correlates with the secondary model, focusing on the large causes of criminal events and the major principles, which can be enforced to divert them (Ekblom 2010). The third stage is tertiary, dealing with offenders who have already commit crimes and deterring them from offending again through the criminal justice system. This is where community corrections come into play by offering programs for offenders and numerous sentences that can be sensibly administered to offenders with supervision (Lab 2010). In order for crime prevention and its correlating models to be effective, it’s important to understand the extent of its impact across different locations and contexts.
Restorative justice includes things such as victim- offender mediation, victim- offender panels or community sentencing. However, this movement needs support from the local community and it is important that the restitution helps the victim recover from the trauma the crime might have caused. Further restorative justice can not be applied to some crimes, such as rape (Allen, et al., 2015). Currently restorative justice is mostly used within the juvenile justice system, mostly due to the believe that juveniles have to be treated differently than adults when it comes to punishment for an offence. Restorative justice is often prefered to the traditional system, since the offenders are more likely to comply with the required restitutions and it helps incorporate them back into their communities (Hines, 2008).
Yes, general deterrence may use certain individuals as an example for society, but if the punishment for that certain individual is strict enough and is able to deter others from society from committing crime it is doing its job. “General deterrence are actions to persuade others from committing criminal acts” (Couture, 2014, p.128). I feel more people are being deterred from crime by general deterrence rather than specific deterrence. Also as sanctions take place, incarceration would be best for general deterrence. Incarceration in jail or prison should deter society from committing crimes by people in society not wanting to be incarcerated.
While funding for rehabilitation facilities could become an issue, drug users may continue their addiction without proper treatment, and therefore those arrested for drug use should be sent to a rehabilitation center instead of prison. The first step in ending the issue of drug use and abuse in our country is to cure the drug users from their addiction in a safe, controlled manner. As confirmed in an article from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, “Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long lasting.” (“Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction”) The addiction of drugs is an actual disease, and cannot be brushed off as something that can be stopped at any point in time. Drug addiction is just as serious as any other diagnosed disease and must be cured accordingly. Prison will not benefit those addicted to drugs because it is a disease that must be treated, just as any other illness is.
In Richard’s case, justice was served due to the time that Richard pent in prison, taking accountability for his actions, and learning how to cope with his illness, controlling his feelings and learning how to be a successful citizen once he was released from prison. There must be a reason why an individual committed the crime in the first place, so if our justice system can separate why an individual committed a crime whether it was due to mental illness, drug addiction, or other personal problems that one may have and they can sentence them to the appropriate treatment that can change that person for the better, then in my eyes justice has been served.
I believe that instead of incarcerating them they should be put in facilities that will help them get treatment for their disabilities, disorders, and drug addictions. If they are being rehabilitated the right way it will help prevent further crimes and also will help the offender go back into society and live a crime free lifestyle. For Christel Tribble being locked up actually helped her out to realize that she doesn’t want to be a delinquent. She was motivated by her mother to continue her education and to realize that it’s not worth being in the court system at such a young age because it will be a never ending cycle. For Keith Huff, he went to Kentucky State prison five times serving a total of 27 years in the criminal justice system.