This inconsistency results in the child not being able to feel secure in the relationship (Boag, 2014). Children who are unable to develop secure relationships are taught that they cannot rely on people, and are therefore insecure in their interpersonal relationships. Cognitive theorists see personality disorders as developing from adaptive behaviors that they have formed that are considered over or underdeveloped in general society (Sampson, McCubbin, and Tyrer, 2006). In this theory people with BPD develop adaptive behaviors, often to inconsistent behaviors of parents (Reinecke & Ehrenreich, 2005). These adaptive behaviors are considered maladaptive, because they work to counteract the inconsistent behaviors of the caregiver, but do not work when the person tries to use them in their everyday life.
A child, who did not see any empathy in the first early years of childhood, (the first two years of life), he or she will be sociopathic. A sociopathic, also called psychopathy is defined in lack of empathy and connection between a caregiver, mother, and the child. However, many children with sociopathic behavior can be harmful. They will not command suicide, but their lack of empathy would make them to be a “cold blooded” person throughout its adulthood and would cause an unpleasant behavior. Sociopathic behavior can be harmful for the people around the person, who is a sociopath.
Executive functioning is the new “hot” umbrella term used by teachers, counselors, and parents to describe a range of learning and attentional problems. Recent neuroscientific research on children and adults implicate failed executive functions, or their lack of engagement, not only in school-related performance issues, but in dysregulated emotional states experienced by those without executive function deficits. Such states are characterized by limited capacity for thought and reflection and automatic, reflexive reactions (Ford, 2010), similar to children with executive function deficits. Executive functioning is slow to fully develop. It emerges in late infancy, goes through marked changes during the ages of 2 through 6, and does not peak until around age 25.
Since the parents don’t set the boundaries for the children, they lack the skills in social setting. They might be good at interpersonal communication as they are free to their own will and parents have no control over it, children lack the other important skills like sharing. Freedom without limits leads to significant consequences in children’s upbringing (Gross, 2016). This can lead to the lack of organization skills, motivation and lack of self-discipline. These findings suggest that permissive parenting style could lead to negative outcomes of overall development of children as they will grow up struggling with problem-solving skills and may likely to engage in misconduct.
This shows that juveniles do not have the experience that adults have to be like adults. Also, Stevenson (2014) writes, “Contemporary neurological, psychological…evidence has established that children are impaired by immature judgement, an underdeveloped capacity for self-regulation and responsibility, vulnerability to negative influences and outside pressures, and a lack of control over their own impulses and their environment.” (Stevenson, 2014, pg. 267-268). Stevenson (2014) is basically saying that children are not matured as adults and the court needs to look at these facts before giving such punishments. Not only that, Stevenson (2014) says, “Young adolescents lack life experience and background knowledge to inform their choices; they struggle to generate options and to imagine consequences; and, perhaps for good reason, they lack the necessary self-confidence to make reasoned judgements and stick by them” (Stevenson, 2014, pg.
This can mean many things, one of them may be that they may have ADHD; this disorder is the inability of not being able to focus, being overactive and not being able to control behavior. It begins in an early age but may continue into the adult hood years. This can cause not being able to listen to when spoken directly ,does not follow instructions and fails to finish homework or house chores .It can also lead to be easily distracted and it can be hard to become organize. If not treated for ADHD, may be lead to have a crucial and complicated life. A treatment than be helpful is to parents be involve more with their kid in an early age to not contribute to ADHD later in the children’s life.
Some of these negative effects are: the child does not understand the reasons to behave appropriately, but instead avoids the behavior in fear of spanking, spanking in 3-year-olds can lead to far more aggression at age 5, and it's a form of discipline that becomes less effective with repeated use. Spanking doesn’t allow children to learn the reasons why to act appropriately. When parents use physical punishment, such as spanking, to discipline their children, they do so in order to improve their child’s behavior. According to a report composed by a lead researcher in the field of pediatrics, spanking does not teach children the reason for why they are being punished or why their behavior was wrong. Spanking teaches children to act in a desired way only because of fear of being punished.
Melanie Lukic English 10 5/22/14 About 1.6% or so of the US population can be described as potentially psychopathic. Some people cut to the conclusion and determine that misunderstood kids are potentially psychopaths. Identifying a child as a psychopath is not developmentally appropriate. The label “psychopath” cannot be placed on a child who is developing emotionally, mentally, or physically. Children who have mental disorders are often interpreted as psychopaths and awful people but they are not, they’re just misconceived.
In his theory of cognitive development, Piaget stated that egocentrism refers to the children’s inability, during the pre-operational stage, to have any other point of view apart from their own. Children exhibit egocentrism during the pre-operational stage, which starts from two years up to seven years. During this stage, the child views the environment around him or her in his or her own perspective and disregards other people’s perspectives. At this stage, children’s thoughts are structured in such a way that they think everyone should see things the same way as the children. As a result, the child does not portray any objective reality of happenings in his or her life; the child only has subjective reality (Rathus, 2010).
Impulse control is the ability to postpone or deny the immediate response to an idea or behavior. (Berger 2014 p223). Until the brain has developed fully children, especially children under six, will lack patients and judgment in any situation (Chapter 8 notes). If the three children who commited the crimes had a developed limbic system and had control over there impulsive then there’s a strong possibility they wouldn’t have commit crimes. With a fully developed limbic system theres a high possibility that the three children who commited the crimes would have been able to think through there actions ultimately resulting in a different outcome.