Conversely, the relationship quality between adolescents and their families is often influenced by the number, birth order, and age spacing of siblings within the family. It is crucial that families grasp an understanding of this developmental period to help adolescents adjust through these various changes. This poses the question: What role does family play in adolescent development? It is important to consider the environment in which an adolescent is raised. Parenting styles assist in explaining adolescent behavior.
When a parent does not display or respond with love, compassion, or gentleness, the offspring’s social, emotional, and mental development may be compromised. Relationships developed in early childhood may affect an individual's ability to form relationships and emotional attachments later on in life. Such inabilities may impact one's social and parenting relationships with their own children, and can span across generations (Alhusen et al., 2013). An individual’s developmental outcome may go on to affect not only themselves and their children, but if repeated throughout generations, may affect the way a a population cares for their young. In conclusion, parent-offspring relationships and attachments play very vital roles in the way an individual grows, survives, and reproduces in their environment.
Notably, the investment of a parent in the growth and development of a child usually begins before birth. However, parenting styles are also determined by various principles that contribute to division of these strategies in different categories. Principles of Parenting Styles: As psychological constructs used in standard strategies for the growth and development, parenting styles are embedded on certain theories and opinions. In addition to the theoretical foundations of these strategies, parenting styles are also based on several categories depending on certain principles. It is important for parents to understand their child rearing strategies because it will help them to determine the impact and effectiveness of their parenting styles.
Families contribute to children’s psychological development every day. One way is the dynamics of the family, or how they work together as a unit. The other members of a child’s family will directly and indirectly influence their behaviors. Often, when one family member is experiencing more stress or conflict it begins to affect the other members. This can influence the relationship between the parent and the child, which in turn can impact the child’s psychological development (Siegler, et al., 2011).
In today’s society parents pay different amounts of attention and attend differently to children of opposing birth order. Parents have distinct expectations for each of their offspring’s. A study done by Spitze and Logan showed that parental attitudes towards their children may be affected by their number, gender, and birth order. These factors also 2 influence the closeness the child feels towards his parents. Furthermore, the study shows that as the number of siblings increases in the family the oldest and youngest children tend to be closer to their parents than the middle children (Spitze and Logan 871).
Birth Order Personality Traits It is easy to wonder how two children from the same family can turn out so differently, with completely different personalities and ways of solving problems. Recognizing the immense influence of family dynamics on young children can clear up a lot of the confusion. For example, eldest children look to their parents as role models for their behavior, and may become perfectionistic as parents expect them to act like little adults. Middle children may become more dependent on peer approval and their friends because they tend to get relatively less attention within their families. And youngest children may use humor as a way of securing their parents' attention.
Common topics when groups of parent get together, is how parenting practice has changed from generation to generation. Parents talk about the similarity and the differences from back in the day. They describe how their generation would behave. For this paper, the parent practice be discussed is discipline, marriage, education, and employment. Parenting practices have a critical influenced on a child outcome such as self-esteem, well being, socialization, and independence.
Only children tend to feel frustrated and throw tantrums when not pleased. They love to say “Leave me alone, I’d rather do it myself!” They tend to have imaginary companions and feel as if the child within was smothered because they had to grow up so quickly. Therefore in turn allow their own children time and space. As well as always being an emotional and considerate friend that loves to listen. First borns tend to be goal setters and high achievers.
I believe that birth order plays a part in a person’s personality, but that the way they were raised is also a very important variable. A child’s birth order, along with the way they were raised, is a major factor in the way they interact within their family and other groups. The way one determines their place in the family seems like it should be easy, but because of many factors, it is not always clear. In a family with a first born daughter and a second born son, the son may also take on characteristics of a first born because he is the first born male. The same concept is applied when the female is born after a male.
Likewise every child needs the right parenting to higher achievements and prosperity. Firstly, Different parents have different characteristics that enable them in developing their children. In parenting a child, the parents have to act positively considering the behavior that the child will have when they are growing up. Children learn by the examples and develop their parent’s characteristic by their behaviors as they are at early stages of their lives. Patient and calm parents influences their children’s behavior in everyday situation.