The Importance Of Behavioral Learning

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Learning is a change in an individual’s mind by the process of cognitive, emotional and environmental influences. Each of these processes has a different definition of how learning is acquired. Theorists from a cognitive perspective describe learning as a change in the internal mental activity, however, these activities cannot be observed directly. In contrast, behavioural learning theorists propose that behaviour is learned through environmental experiences by obtaining and modifying old and new information. (Feldman & Landry, 2012) Through learning from an environmental standpoint, an individual may lead to a potential or permanent behavioural change by altering how the interpretation of the stimuli may be. Because of the importance of learning…show more content…
These types of theories differ from other developmental theories as it focuses more on environmental factors that one may experience. Hence, it uses scientific methods of research that includes objectifying, measuring, and observing the experiments. (Feldman, & Landry, 2012) Another strength of a behavioural learning approach is the multiple modes of learning based on different tested theories that have been proved to be effective in behavioural change. Theorists like John Watson and Albert Bandura emphasizes the importance of learning through direct experiences that may gain better behaviour in emotional and social relationships. Moreover, theories from Pavlov and Skinner focuses on learning by the basis of reinforcement through stimulus, rewards, and punishments. (Feldman & Landry, 2012) Given that behavioural learning approach is mostly based on nurture, theorists seem to have a one-dimensional approach. They tend to disregard the notion of free will and internal influences that can fully change a person’s behaviour. (Pereira, 2016) In addition, there was a “lack of attention to the importance of changes with age that might have an impact on behaviour” (Grusec, 1992, p. 784). In this sense, they neglect to consider age-related changes in the development, like adaptation and modification…show more content…
By asking the questions of how behaviour is learned and changed, theorist like Watson, Bandura, Skinner, and Pavlov focuses on actual experiences and influences that can be tested. However, they disregard the mental processes that can also contribute to an individual’s behaviour. Nevertheless, the strengths and weaknesses of the classical behavioural theories set as a prerequisite in present times. In this case, current theories focus on incorporating the nature and nurture aspect on learning a behaviour. Through creating an individualized learning approach, a person may learn according to its age and maturity. Technology also takes effect in increasing stimulation in learning by the form of social media. As accessibility increases, learning from social platforms also increases. However, they can obtain violence and low self-esteem due to exposure to different information on the internet. Additionally, the real-world social interaction may decrease, which results in a decrease of environmental factors that can strengthen or change the acquired behaviour. The increase of technological usage must be expected in the future, which may have its advantages and disadvantages in learning. Thus, behavioural learning approach must effectively accommodate and support the learning preferences of the generation by using technology and environmental experiences to gain
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