The people of Egypt willingly labored to build these monuments for their rulers, believing that, as gods, the pharaohs had to be properly provided for in their afterlife. The Step Pyramid was built around 2630 B.C. It exhibited a radical new shape never before used, and it was so new the Egyptians used its silhouettes as the hieroglyphic for “primeval mound”, the first piece of earth to emerge from the soup of creation (Malek 90). King Djoser's chief architect for his pyramid was Imhotep. It is thought that King Djoser's stone tomb started out having the standard shape of a mastaba.
The first know pyramid is the Step Pyramid. A step pyramid has very large edges that look like giant steps(Ancient). Archeologist say that the steps were used by pharaohs to climb to the sun god.The first pyramid was made by the pharaoh Djoser in 2630 B.C.(Logan). Many ask why the pyramids were built and there are many different ways to explain, but the best way is simply that they were stone tombs in which the body of the pharaoh(ruler of Egypt) could live in the afterlife(Sen)(Barrow). The pyramids have changed since the first step-pyramid was built.
Ancient Egyptian Religious Architecture One of the greatest cultural achievements of Ancient Egypt was undoubtedly in their architecture associated with religion. "Temples, tombs and pyramids - all have witnessed this earth for thousands of years. What better than to say that these architectural achievements show us that Egypt's greatest virtue lay in its architecture" (Fumeaux:11, 1964) When one travels to Egypt, what does he/she see - pyramid after temple after tomb, each standing the test of time. One stands out - they are all associated with religious beliefs, they all have stood unmoving for thousands of years, and they all involve mechanical genius- the moving of colossal stones without the use of the wheel. The finest example such mechanics is shown in the construction of the revered pyramid.
The Egyptian Pyramids When most people think of Ancient Egypt they think of Pyramids. To construct such great monuments required a mastery of architecture, social organization, and art that few cultures of that period could achieve. The oldest pyramid, the Step-Pyramids, grow out of the abilities of two men, King Djoser and Imhotep. Djoser, the second king of 3rd dynasty, was the first king to have hired an architect, Imhotep, to design a tomb (Time-Life Books, 74). Imhotep was known as the father of mathematics, medicine, architecture, and as the inventor of the calendar (White, 40).
Of all the different structures built by the Egyptians, one common theme is apparent. They built amazing and innovative buildings like statues, temples and tombs to worship the different pharaohs and gods. And it was done with the simplest tools and an incredible amount of back breaking hard work. One tool that was used to build the pyramids was a stone cut out of a right angle. It was used to make the blocks perfectly square.
Also the pyramids symbolize the almighty power of each pharaoh. One of the most typical and earliest of royal Egyptian sculptures is a statute of the great Zoser. “The life-size statue shows the pharaoh sitting staring straight ahead. For a long time, only such ... ... middle of paper ... ... these different kingdoms show how much Egyptian art has evolved from the very first pharaonic dynasty to the very last. All of the pharaohs had a common goal and vision of building monuments to either honor themselves our honor the gods.
Since his pyramid was the biggest pyramid ever built, with an area of 53,000 square meters and 146.6 meters high, he must have been a major king who did a lot while he reigned over Egyptian society (Smith 2004, 86). Not only that, but the other pyramids in Giza are those of his son and grandson, which meant that his life continued to be remembered and cherished forever, considering Egyptian society built two more pyramids for his family (Smith 2008, 86). The pyramids reflected how much the Egyptians strived to praise the divine and rulers that led them to the after-life, because the pharaohs and gods “showed” them to the path to achieving life after death. This was important to the Egyptian society, which is why so many pyramids continued to be built, and Egyptians continued to strive to impress those who have power in the Egyptian
CONTENTS: - INTRODUCTION - BACKGROUND OF ANCIENT EGYPT & PYRAMIDS - THE STEP PYRAMID of Pharaoh Djoser - THE GREAT PYRAMID of Pharaoh Khufu - CONCLUSION - BIBLIOGRAPHY & FOOTNOTES This essay focuses on two different types of pyramids; the Step pyramid which was the first pyramid and the Great pyramid, which was the largest pyramid built in Egypt. The essay investigates the meaning of the selected forms for the Egyptian culture and explains their dialog with the cosmos. The architecture of ancient Egypt is one of the most important civilizations in history, which developed of different structures and great architectural monuments along the River Nile. The Egypt pyramids were constructed for the pharaoh, as a tomb. Their belief was that the top point of the pyramid was the gate for the soul to travel to the afterlife and return to earth if chosen.
The Size of the largest pyramid that was built for the pharaoh Khufu’s “original height was 481.4 feet (147 meters)” (history). The grandeur of these buildings would have been astonishing to anyone that were to discover them for the first time. Because of how amazing these buildings were, the largest one was called one of the ancient wonders of the world and is the only ancient wonder that is still standing and around today. An example of the size determining how well known the pyramids were is that “Archaeologists have currently identified a total of 118 pyramid tombs in
To prevent this there were elaborate and hidden passage within the pyramid which led to the pharaoh as well as he earthly possessions. Although it is uncertain this ingenious design the hide the pharaoh within the pyramid can be seen on earlier pyramids such as the step pyramid of King Zoser, which was designed by the famous architect, Imhotep. The pyramid of Khufu, who ruled the fourth dynasty roughly around 2600 B.C., has been the tallest structure on earth for more then 43 centuries ending its record in the 19th century. This pyramid is was so carefully constructed that each side of the pyramid points to the cardinal points on a compass. The angling slope of the pyramid is 51 degrees and 51 minutes.