INTRODUCTION This essay discusses the radical transformation of the principles and foundations of public administration from traditional to New Public Management. Firstly the essay will attempt to define the key terms of traditional public administration and the doctrine of New Public Management. Rabin J. (2003) explains that New Public Management embodies “a process in public administration that uses information and experiences obtained in business management and other disciplines to improve efficiency, usefulness and general operation of public services in contemporary bureaucracies.“Traditional Public Administration progresses from governmental contributions, with services perceived by the bureaucracy. According to Sapru R.K. (2008) p370-371 the traditional ideal of public administration which inclined to be firm and bureaucratic was based on processes instead of outcomes and on setting procedures to follow instead of focusing on results.
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It is also d... ... middle of paper ... ... the long run. Bibliography Bollard, Allan, Lattimore, and Silverstone (1996). Chapter one in A Study of Economic Reform: The Case of New Zealand. Elsevier Science Publications. Boston, J et al, (1996) Public Management: The New Zealand Model.
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The new public management can be considered as an assemblage of tactics and strategies undertaken from the public sector. The exact transformations of the new public management have made the transition from the traditional public management to the present public management. The new public management is defined as a vision, ideology and or a set of approaches and managerial procedures highly relevant to the public sector, (Pollitt, 1994). Hood (1991) alludes that the new public management is a body of managerial thinking or as a system of thinking based on ideas created in the private sector and smuggled to the public sector (Ferlie, Pettigrew, Ashburner and Fitzgerald, 1996). Clark & Newman (1997) underline the fact that the new public management pushes the state towards managerialism approach of governance.
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