Last modified 1995. Accessed February 17, 2014 Satz, Ronald N. American Indian Policy in the Jacksonian Era. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002. The Office of the Historian. “Indian Treaties and the Removal Act of 1830.” Accessed on April 20, 2014 https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/indian-treaties Wallace, Anthony F. C. The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians.
With the expansion of the country, the white Americans decided that they needed the Natives out. There were several motives for the removal of the Indians from their lands, to include racism and land lust. Since they first arrived, the white Americans hadn’t been too fond of the Native Americans. They were thought to be highly uncivilized and they had to go. In his letter to Congress addressing the removal of the Indian tribes, President Jackson states the following: “It will separate the Indians from immediate contact with settlements of whites; free them from the power of the States; enable them to pursue happiness in their own way and under their own rude institutions; will retard the progress of decay, which is lessening their numbers, and perhaps cause them gradually, under the protection of the Government and through the influence of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and Christian community.” (Jackson).
On top of these 5 c... ... middle of paper ... ...6. International Campaign to End Genocide. “The 8 Stages of Genocide.” Washington D.C., Gregory Stanton. http://www.genocidewatch.org/aboutgenocide/8stagesofgenocide.html (accessed November 17th, 2009). Jennings, Francis. The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest.
As the frontier moved west, white settlers wanted to expand into territory, which was the ancestral land of many Indian tribes. Although this had been going on since the administration of George Washington, during the administration of Andrew Jackson the government supported the policy of resettlement, and persuaded many tribes to give up their claim to their land and move into areas set aside by Congress as Indian Territory. In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Resettlement Act, which provided for the removal of Indians to territory west of the Mississippi River. While Jackson was President, the government negotiated 94 treaties to end Indian titles to land in the existing states. Many tribes resisted this policy.
The American government came up with many reasons that the Native American peoples needed to move west of the Mississippi. Many Easterners felt that the move would protect Native American culture.1 Many Indians tried to assimilate into the white culture in order to stay on their ancestral lands.2 But the settlers did not like the Indians mixing with white culture because they felt that the Indians were being influenced by alcohol and exploited financially.3 One other reason that Easterners, particularly the Georgian government, wanted the Native Americans to move was because prospectors found gold on land that was controlled by the Cherokee Indians.4 The amount of gold found in Cherokee territory prompted whites to demand that the Cherokee be evicted from their land so mining for gold could be continued without interference from the Cherokee.5 Another reason the Georgia was upset was because the Cherokee established a constitution in 1827. At that point the Georgian government tried to take over and annul all Cherokee laws and extend its territory into Cherokee land.6 The reason that Georgia fought so hard for control of Indian land was because they had given up their claims to land in the West in return for a federal government promise of Indian land in Georgia.7 Because of all of the uproar from the Georgian government, the Congress of the United States Pass... ... middle of paper ... ... 3. Tiya Miles, Ties That Bind: The Story of an Afro-Cherokee Family in Slavery and Freedom (electronic resource). (University of California Press, 2005): 149-150.
Indians all over the United States fought policies which threatened to destroy their familial bonds and traditions. The Passamaquoddy Indian Tribe of Maine, resisted no less than these other tribes, however, thereby also suffering a hostile anti-Indian environment from the Federal Government and their own State, Maine. But because the Passamaquoddy Tribe was located in such a remote area, they escaped many federal Indian policies. In order to make more eastern land available for settlement, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830. This enabled the President of the United States to have power physically to move eastern Indian tribes to land west of the Mississippi River.
The war could not have been avoided because the whites wanted the land on which the Indians were on. Either way the war would have happened. The main reason the whites fought with the Indians was because the United States Government wanted the land on which the Indians were on, and the whites didn’t follow their treaty between the lands. That was just one reason the Indians and whites fought. Yakima, Nez Perce, Cayuse, and Walla Walla.