The Impact of No Child Left Behind

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The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) was a piece of legislation proposed by the administration of George W. Bush. The legislation required states to develop educational plans to address issues of assessments, standards, and accountability. Under the No Child Left Behind Act, states would have to administer tests yearly in reading, math, and science. No Child Left Behind holds school districts accountable for student achievement or lack of achievement. No Child Left Behind legislation is based on five major components: (1) accountability and results; (2) flexibility and local control of schools; (3) teaching methods based on scientific research; (4) options for parents; and (5) highly qualified teachers (Rosenberg, Westling, & McLeskey, 2011).

Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) is a diagnostic tool used by the United States Department of Education to measure how public schools and school districts are performing according to standardized test. Adequate Yearly Progress determines how a school or school district needs to improve and where resources should be allocated. Schools that fail to meet adequate yearly progress must development an improvement plan, provide tutoring and educational services to struggling students, staff can be replaced, instructional time extended, schools may close, or the state department of education can run the school directly. These steps do not happen all at once. It is a gradual process that takes place in schools that do not show improvement and meet adequate yearly progress (U.S. Department of Education, 2004). States are also required to separate the data for specific groups of students, including those who are economically disadvantaged, members of varying culturally and linguistically divers...

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...ctober 18, 2011, from U.S. Department of Education:

Rosenberg, M., Westling, D., & McLeskey, J. (2011). No Child Left Behind. Retrieved October 15, 2011, from

Scientific Based Research and Evidence Based Research. (n.d.). Retrieved October 23, 2011, from State Education Resource Center:

U.S. Department of Education. (2004, February 10). Retrieved October 1, 2011, from Archieved: Executive Summary of No Child Left Behind Act of 2001:

Wright, P., & Wright, P. (2009, February 27). 4 Great Definitions about Reading in NCLB. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from Wright's Law:
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