During the Middle Ages, a common monk questioned the authority of the leaders in the Roman Catholic Church. This doubt brought about what is today known as the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther was a prominent Christian theologian born November 10, 1483 in Eisleben, Germany. He is most famously known for his fallout with the Catholic Church over the sale of indulgences in the church. He also was in disagreement over the questions, “How one is saved and enters heaven?” and “Who is the highest authority in Christianity?” Revered as one of the most powerful and controversial figures in the Reformation Movement, Martin Luther’s actions caused corruption within the Roman Catholic Church therefore causing it to change some of their practices.
Web. 15 Aug. 2011. . "Religion and the Church - Life in Germany During the Middle Ages - Medieval Germany - History - Germany - Europe." Countries Quest. Web.
This was one of Luther's main tribulations with the Church, and he sought to reform the issues. Luther did so by writing 95 points stating the problems he saw in the Church. He then took and nailed these points, which later became known as the 95 Theses, to the door of the Wittenburg Castle Church. Later, Luther was excommunicated by Pope Leo X, and when put on trial he refused to deny his accusations of the church. However, Luther continued his reform which became known as Lutheranism.
In the summer of 1505 Martin was caught in a summer thunderstorm and was almost struck by lightning. Martin was so horrified that he asked St. Anne for help, which he then promised to become a monk. Martin was a man that kept his promises, so he then quit law school and became a monk. On July 17th Luther entered the Augustinian Monastery at Eruft. He completely dedicated his life to the monastic life, the effort to do generous and good work to please God, and serve others through prayer for their souls.
Walker, Williston. History of the Christian Church.New York, NY: Scribner, 1985. Worldology. “How Christianity Rose to Dominate Europe.” Worldology. Accessed April 18, 2014. http://www.worldology.com/Christianity/rise_christianity.htm.
Academic Search Premier. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. Chaves, Mark. “The Protestant Presence In Twentieth-Century America: Religion And Political Culture (Book0.” Sociology Of Religion 54.3 (1993): 328-329.
There were various theologies of the sacrament of Holy Communion that were being debated during the Reformation. Among reformers there were conflicting views on transubstantiation, consubstantiation, infant baptism and Christ’s importance of being in communion overall. Some reformers and reformation events that appealed believers more than others were Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin and the Council of Trent. Martin Luther was a German priest who rebelled against authorities of the Roman Catholic Church and initiated the start of the reformation. He rejected some of the traditional practices although he believed that the church was essential to the Christian doctrine.
Ibid p.20. Pettegree and Hall p.796. Gerald Strauss., 'Lutheranism and literacy: a reassessment' in Religion and society in early modern Europe 1500-1800, ed. By K. Von Greyerz (London: German Historical Institute, 1984), 109-123 (p.115). Ibid pp.10-11.
Oppressed and stifled by the strict church rulings, ones that had no relation to actual religious obligations, the people of England began to abandon their original faiths in favor of new ones. Each faith appealed to some part of society, but ultimately could not please all of the classes, which led to the religious disarray. The Anglican Church, or the Church if England, was the official church of England after the separation from the Roman Catholic Church in 1530. ( Black, XLVIII) The Anglican Church “from the time of the Elizabethan settlement on” (The Victorian Web), attempted to serve as a distinctive middle way between Catholicism and Puritanism, with varying degrees of success. (The Victorian Web) However, under Charles II, Puritans were purged from the church and non-Anglicans were, in the years to come, barred from holding position in Parliament as well as receiving degrees from Oxford and Cambridge.
They lied and cheated for money. Of course Luther did not write this and then march into Rome with it demanding change, they were only... ... middle of paper ... ...d, I find that they have done nothing of special importance.” It seems to me that at the point when Luther wrote Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, he knew that the Church was out to get him and he was, in a way, rallying for supporters. He was pointing out that the pope cannot do much harm if they come together and stand against him. But will this work? Can the Catholic Church be defeated?