The Impact of Greek Philosophy on American Education

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The modern world is becoming more complex day by day, and it seems that most of what surrounds us is actually the result of various ancient practices of philosophy. From the structure and foundation of Government to the fine arts we have today, it is all because of philosophy, and especially the philosophy of the ancient Greeks. Records of history show Greece as the birthplace of philosophic thought, it is said that Philosophy is the child of the wise men of Greece. The philosophers of ancient Greece made many contributions to the modern world, they have a very profound impact on the way people live nowadays, their wisdom affected our fine arts, various fields of science, mental and physical education and politics.

Philosophy is an academic discipline that exercises reason and logic in an attempt to understand reality, existence and answer the mysteries of knowledge, life and human nature, it is as old as existence itself, however, the Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE. Greek Philosophy was born with the logical thinking of one of the founders of Western Philosophy and the father of the dialectic method, Socrates, and then it was worked upon by his pupil Plato and in turn, by his disciple Aristotle. Socrates was the first to suggest that when one realizes that he does not know anything, he starts gaining knowledge; therefore he created a method in which his students are promoted to think independently by the use of questions.

Socrates believed that it is the teacher's task to encourage the learners bring out the ideas on their own, which will eventually lead into logical and critical thinking, according to him, “A man is a midwife who does not conceive an idea but prompt it in the minds of the learne...

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