People demanded more voice in the affairs of their government and viewed the Catholic Church as corrupt. An emerging religious reformation, which placed emphasis on individualism and national patriotism, along with the upsurge of manufacturing and commerce, gave rise to the English middle class. The Canterbury Tales is a literary work that deals with the personal concerns and solutions of an evolving Medieval society. In Medieval Europe pilgrimages were common for personal reflection, penance, and spiritual renewal. Chaucer chose the framework of a pilgrimage for its naturally plausible diversity of people and mix of pious purpose and holiday spirit.
Reverend Jonathan Edwards, a Great Awakening revivalist, emphasized seeking salvation by recognizing one’s own moral corruption and surrendering to God’s will. Although the Great Awakening challenged religious, social and political orthodoxy, the Enlightenment had a greater impact on colonial America and vastly influenced future decisions. The Great Awakening reached a large quantity of people because of the traveling orators that preached the evangelical word. Although Enlightenment learning was limited to the wealthy, educated colonists, the movement’s influence was still stronger because the well-to-do ruled the land. Enlightenment philosophers began questioning corrupt governments and the combination of church and state.
He created the Church of England, which aligned itself more closely with Protestantism than Catholicism. ... ... middle of paper ... ...ation boiled down to three common ideas; God, gold, and glory. The desire to colonize in the name of God, the need to obtain the riches in gold and raw materials, and the glory of colonizing in the New World were major motivating factors. Add to that the advantages of the Europeans such as weapons, horses, and immunity to their own diseases made the New World ripe for conquering. The great changes in religion, politics, and economics set up a perfect environment for overseas exploration and settlement.
World civilization refers to an advanced state of intellectual, cultural, and material development in human society. The crusades were a series of religious and political military campaigns (fights) sanctioned by the Latin Roman Catholic church. The crusades helped focus energies from the warrior class in Europe away from Europeans and towards outsiders. Crusading began because there was a disagreement between the Muslim and Christian religions, resulting in many effects. Much of the aftermath from the Crusades were directly important to the advancing in world civilizations.
Politically, the emperor's were aided and impaired. The support of the papacy was useful in the coronation of emperors and the influence over the common people. On the counter-side, the papal monarchy offered competition for power. Christianity was always present in the Middle Ages, and it changed concepts and faith for all.
The rapid increase of Charlemagne and his ruling started due to the influence of the Germanic tribe, Juedo-Christian, and Greco-Roman cultures throughout the Middle Ages. These cultures had demonstrated the important aspects of being a leader. From these traditional beliefs, the change of governing a country has become different than it used to because of how it affected the power of the ruler. Through these three cultural traditions, the spread of the Charlemagne’s reign and his creations during the Middle Ages will be known for several centuries to come. Introducing these three cultures to the lord, Charlemagne, was an important offer to spread the beliefs of these studies.
Aztec and Inca Religious Zeal The Aztec and Inca peoples lived in militaristic and expansionist societies whose ideals were fueled by their religious convictions. Expansionism was necessary for both societies to support their religious beliefs. The religious zeal of these two civilizations became something that the leaders of the empires could not control. These empires were built through ideologically driven conquests, which became the cornerstones of their societies and something beyond the control of the rulers. Every imperialistic nation has a motive for expansion.
The idea of “academic freedom” in American higher education is a fairly new concept. Before a recent change in educational practices, religious ideals were deeply rooted in higher education curriculum. By the late-twentieth century, however, the idea of academic freedom became more prevalent across the higher education community. As a result, the influence of religion played a lesser role in the development of curriculum across colleges and universities as professors seized their newly granted academic freedom. With the advent of the modern liberal movement in the United States, the atmosphere in colleges and universities has become increasingly oppressive of Christianity in the name of “academic freedom”.
He not only brought education back into medieval Europe, but also invented an efficient way to govern his people. His conquests against the many adversaries of the Holy Roman Empire expanded his empire across the majority of Europe. His conquests also formed strong ties between the Catholic Church and the State. Charlemagne’s drive to convert Europe’s primitive and pagan tribes to Christianity nearly effaced the Saxons, whom he battled with for the majority of his reign. The crowning of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor created a turning point in history.
Scientific discoveries resulting from the push for education after Charles I’s death and their benefits to the economy and culture accommodate the educational, economical, and culture characteristics of a superpower. The military expansion, conquering of new lands and spread of culture after Charles accommodates the military and land mass aspects. And finally, Parliament’s eventual takeover of the government accommodates the stable government necessity of a superpower. To start, the death of Charles I led to scientific discoveries in England, which helped build the economy and establish the superpower status of England. During his reign, Charles I constantly oppressed ideas that went against the Church of England due to his religious ideals and belief that he could impose religious conformity across all of his lands.