The Impact of Diet on the Person´s Health and Wellbeing

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The expression “your diet defines how you are” is been extended to the contemporary medicine. The believe in the enormous impact of diet on the person’s health and wellbeing, and cardiovascular disease prevention is no exception (World Heart Federation (WHF), 2014). CVD management acquired the prime attention not only due to the high prevalence only, but also for the overlap risk factors with other non-communicable dieses REFERANCE. Cardiovascular dieses (CVD) includes all disease that affect the heart and blood vessels such as coronary heart dieses (CHD), stroke and peripheral vascular disease (Thomas, Bishop, & British Diabetic Association, 2007). Its origin is multifactorial and associated with risk factors as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, sedentary and diabetes (DM) (Thomas et al., 2007). The CVDs and their risk factors have similarities in their etiology and dietary management (Thomas et al., 2007). Hence, the nutrient-depleted, highly processed, calorie-dense are what the contemporary American diet stigmatized (O’Keefe, Gheewala, & O’Keefe, 2008). CVD is still number one cause of death in United States, on 2010, >2150 Americans die of CVD each day, an average of 1 death every 40 seconds (Go et al., 2014). This paper discussing from dietary prospective the CVDs and the risk factors, diet modification and patterns, foods and nutrients in relation to CVD prevention the current intake and the recommendation, cardioprotective dietary elements for the American population. Therefore, prevention of CVD is at the top of the public health agenda (Retelny, Neuendorf, & Roth, 2008). A massive number of evidence shows that decreasing the incidence of CVD with diet is possible (Giugliano, Ceriello & Esposito 2006). Therefore... ... middle of paper ... ...(Appel, 1997). The population (n=459 American adults) were fed a control diet for three weeks, then randomized into the study groups for eight weeks. Although, the study duration was relatively short, it showed a corresponding reductions in systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 3.5 mm Hg and 2.1 mm Hg respectively among subjects without hypertension (Appel, 1997). In 2006, the American Heart association (AHA), published a scientific statement for diet and lifestyle recommendations. Their dietary recommendations were presented in fixable frame to easy the implementation. Focused on: a) a balance calorie intake, b) a diet rich in vegetables and fruits, whole grain, high fibre foods and fish, c) Limited intake of saturated fat to <7% of energy, trans fat to <1% of energy, and cholesterol to <300 mg per day d) lower the sugar and salt. (Lichtenstein et al., 2006)

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