San Francisco was a very opulent city during the 19th century due to the gold rush, the city was thriving and booming and more than 400,000 people residing in this area but the dynamics of this change when at 5:12 am April 1906.1 Powerful devastation ultimately gripped California in April 1906. The Great San Francisco Earthquake is number as one the most powerful devastation in the United Sates.2 On this despondent day many lives were taken and the costs of damages were very exorbitant. The implications were very profound and tumultuous. A forceful seismic shock ripple through San Francisco at the magnitude of 7.8. Some researchers claim that the magnitude of this earthquake could possibly up to 8.3. 3 There were two earthquakes that occurred on this day, the first one was not as potent as second one causing unprecedented damages. This earthquake was one never seen before one and people were indeed flabbergasted by its power.
study of the San Andreas fault system." (USGS) When the 1906 earthquake struck scientist set
April 18, 1906 was a devastating day in San Francisco, California. At 5:12 AM, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the city and shook it for an agonizing sixty seconds. Collier's, a recognized magazine at the time, whose headquarters were located in Ohio, telegraphed Jack London after their immediate receipt of the news and asked him to go to San Francisco and write the story of what he saw. London used vivid language that descriptively portrayed the events of what happened. The emotions the victims went through as they fled for their lives could be felt as well as the chaotic disaster that was unfolding before them. The reader could even experience the longing for the destruction to end--just as the victims did--by London’s repetitive mentioning of what was being destroyed and where new fires had sprung.
In the early twentieth century, San Francisco, a bustling city full of people from diverse cultures, stood in the midst of the Second Industrial Revolution. At this time, the brilliant inventions of airplanes, automobiles, and radios were changing the everyday lives of many. San Francisco had just recovered from the four-year burden of the bubonic plague (“Bubonic”). However, right when things were going back to normal, a destructive earthquake hit the city on April 18, 1906. Although the shaking lasted for less than a minute, the devastated city had crumbled buildings and a substantial loss of lives. The San Francisco earthquake of 1906 consisted not only of earthquakes, but also of even more destructive fires; it had a scarring effect on the city and its people, yet it gave much of the knowledge that seismologists have today and allowed San Francisco to stand as a place of intriguing buildings and structures.
On the 18th of April in 1906, the lives of many San Francisco residents changed in a split second. Most of the city was either sound asleep or getting ready for another normal day (or so they thought), when the disastrous natural disaster struck. At around 5:12 a.m., the Golden City was jolted awake by a monstrous earthquake that would soon go down in the record books. With a Richter magnitude rating of 7.9, this earthquake was not only felt in the San Francisco Bay area, but also all the way from southern Oregon to south of Los Angeles and inland as far as central Nevada.
Earthquakes are a powerful event that have fascinated scientists and geologist for years. Scientists can learn much from these events. Earthquakes have helped shape our planet to what it is today. Scientists can use them to study the Earth’s internal system. Earthquakes are not something to be taken lightly. They can cause massive devastation and loss of life and property wherever they occur and even the most prepared countries can be overwhelmed by this force of nature.
Earthquakes in California are certainly not a surprise. What is a surprise is their unpredictability and randomness. Geologists say there is roughly a 50 percent chance that a magnitude 8 or more quake will hit the Los Angeles area sometime over the next 30 years. And, over the past twenty years, the Los Angeles area has witnessed several earthquakes, and in particular, two that were quite devastating; the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, and the January 17, 1994, Northridge Earthquake. Given the certainty that earthquakes will occur, they still seem to come as a surprise, and leave many communities unprepared to deal with their aftermath.
"The Most Terrible Was Yet To Come": San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of 1906." Map of Time A Trip Into the Past. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2014.
The earthquake destroyed most if not all of the New Madrid and Little Prairie, the only towns in the area. Not only were the buildings destroyed, but the land was also brutally destroyed, primarily by occurrences such as landslides, fissures, sandblows, lateral spreads, subsidence, submergence and uplift. Thus, this land became virtually useless for the subsistence agriculture of the time. The landscape became dramatically effected from these earthquakes. There were bank failures on the Mississippi and it was one of the uplifts that caused the Mississippi to flow backwards. The earthquake also liquified subsurface sediment over large areas, causing ground fissuring and violent venting of water. This liquefaction also created the sand blow, which are large eruptions of water and sand onto the ground. During these earthquakes, the sand blows formed over 10,400 square kilometers. The manmade structures that society required in order to thrive successfully were destroyed. Not only were these structures destroyed, but a large amount of people became injured. The large amount of damage caused the break up of the Little Prairie settlement, and another nearby Great Prairie settlement lost most of its success. These earthquakes weren’t just felt in New Madrid and Little Prairie, but also was responsible for minimal damage in far away places such as
In San Francisco earthquakes happen every day, with very small magnitudes. But in 1906 a destructive earthquake did damage including a total cost of $8 billion in modern currency. It destroyed a fourth of San Francisco. That's almost 500 blocks. The ‘Ham and Eggs’ Fire ruined 30 blocks after the earthquake occurred. San Francisco is on the San Andreas, a transform plate boundary of the Pacific and North American Plate. San Francisco spent $90 million for the first 19 months of reconstruction.
The 1989 San Francisco earthquake was one of the most gruesome earthquakes in U.S. history. The earthquake caused massive damage to California and people’s spirit. It is a tragedy that so many people's lives were affected in so little time. The quake left many homeless and even dead, and the quake was a terrible day and will never be
Earthquakes are known for some of the greatest deviations in the world. Following the destruction of an earthquake comes the depression, anxiety, and grievances from people who were and were not have been affected by this natural disaster. While Mark Twain describes the events of an earthquake in The San Francisco Earthquake, his description does not include any depression, anxiety, or grievances. Instead, it consists of humor. Twain humorously describes the San Francisco earthquake to show a new attitude towards devastation instead of the average feeling of fear that the majority of people develop when something like an earthquake occurs.
...iewing size, strength, classification, logarithm and intensity are observed. Along with size the dynamics of quakes are reviewed. The dynamics consist of the statistics and occurrence sites. Effects of earthquakes are a lot of destruction. For this reason many countries have adopted special building codes with seismic provisions. Lastly predictions of quakes have been and still are being studied as a way of preparing for this catastrophe. This would save countries a lot of money. Earthquakes can be a horrific experience but its something that can’t be avoided all scientist can to is try to find a way to prepare for it.
If you have ever been in areas where earthquakes are quite common you might realize the styles of building are different. There is a reason for this. They are “earthquake proof” meaning that if another great earthquake, such as the one in San Francisco, was to strike. Then the building would be protected. Back in 1906 we were still quite a very young country. We hadn’t a lot of knowledge of great natural disasters effecting large populations, like San Francisco, because there weren’t very many big cities to start with. California was still a fairly new state. The idea of the “California Dream” was just starting due to the huge success in the state’s; Agriculture, Film, and Shipping industries. San Francisco thrived on the shipping industry, it brought in population, and many of the structures were very poorly built. Much of the buildings were built on artificial foundations.
The earthquake hit at the worst possible hour. (2 pm) Students were at school or college, and most workers had just returned from their lunch break when the earthquake hit. Few students ran away from the collapsing buildings. People stood outside in playgrounds not knowing what to do while many buildings around them were still collapsing. Many children were buried in the school sites were they had died. The damage level of the earthquake was immense. Not only did 90,000 people die, but it was the second costliest earthquake in history (137.5 billion dollars spent rebuilding) This was the earthquake that left more homeless people in history, 4,800,000 is the number of people that were left homeless.