The Impact Of The Nile On Egypt

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Without the Nile, who knows what Egypt would be like today. It is just a river, yet it has an unparalleled effect on the surrounding civilizations. It provides water for countless people and animals, and is the lifeblood of a land that lacks other water sources or ways to travel. Beyond that, it provides the resources needed to maintain a thriving economy and a rich culture. For example, the Ancient Egyptians had no choice but to incorporate the Nile into their culture because it was their only meaningful water source, and the main thing keeping them alive. The Egyptians' total dependence on the Nile allowed it to affect every part of Egypt all throughout its growth, from food to transportation. The Nile shaped Egypt by supporting its economy,…show more content…
For example, during "Shemu (harvest season) . . . crops in the Lower Nile were harvested and sent to market" (Document B). This reveals how the entire structure of the Egyptian agricultural industry revolved around seasons determined by the Nile's flood seasons. This also established when the Egyptians were able to make money or not, which affected when the other industries were able to operate, because the farmers could only buy products if they had the money to do so. In addition, the image in Document C shows goods being transported along the Nile. This illustrates how the merchants utilized the rapidly flowing Nile waters to quickly move products from place to place, allowing them to make more money. Without the Nile, the merchants would have to travel through the desert by caravan, which not only can take months, but is also dangerous: there are sandstorms, unpredictable temperatures, robbers, and limited food and water supplies. Furthermore, "if [the Nile]is sluggish, noses suffocate, everyone is impoverished . . . If he rises, the land is in exultation" (Document E). This proves how the Nile was so crucial that nearly the entire economy would crumble if the Nile dried up. The Egyptians were totally dependent on the Nile; everything from agriculture to architecture could not last without it. Overall, the versatility of the Nile allowed it to become the backbone of…show more content…
From once-in-a-lifetime ceremonies to everyday life, the Nile always played a role. As shown in the chart in Document B, each season had specific activities done in them each year. This reveals how the Nile determined the seasons, which therefore decided how people could go about their daily life. Hence, almost the entire Egyptian culture was built around the Nile and its operation. Moreover, the tomb painting in Document E depicts all aspects of Egyptian life being totally surrounded by the blue waters of the Nile. This demonstrates how much the Egyptians revered the Nile, to a point that they included it in something as holy as a memorial. Thus, they knew that all parts of Egyptian life connected to the Nile, no matter how rich, poor, young, or old the person was. This idea is furthered in the belief that "heaven in Ancient Egypt was called the Field of Reeds . . . believed to be located somewhere [along the Nile] in the East" (Document D). Religion was critical to Egyptian life; it was even a part of their government. By placing their paradise on the banks of the Nile the Egyptians indicate how important the Nile was to them: they included it as a crucial component of a part of their life that they thought was almost more important than their existence on Earth. To conclude, because they depended on the Nile so much for survival, they had no choice but to include the Nile as a prominent part of their
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