Though these activists were faced by various bitter racism, mob violence and imprisonment, they were successful in desegregating the buses and bus facilities in the Deep South in September 22, 1961. They strove for nonviolent protest for justice and freedom of African Americans freedom. After the end of American Civil War in 1865, The Thirteenth Amendment was added to the constitution of the United States that stated “Neither slavery or involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have duly convicted, shall exist in the United States, nor any place subject to their jurisdiction.” By this no black people could be owned by the whites. In spite of this, blacks were severely segregated in the South. This resulted in the formation of anti-radical movement in the South called Ku Klux Klan organization which represented white supremacy by whipping ... ... middle of paper ... ... throughout the South and the free schools for African Americans movement.
During the 1950’s –1960’s the civil rights movement was at its peek. This was when the African-Americans were growing impatient and could not wait a minute longer before they had their constitutional and God given rights. Many peaceful marches, sit-ins, and boycotts were usually always greeted at the end with police, attack dogs, firemen, and ambulances. African- Americans started their own “police force” called The Black Panther Party so they can supposedly arm themselves against the white people. While others such as Malcolm X tried to convince black people that the whites were not going to help them and that they have to stand up for their own rights.
Before the Dodger manager scouted Jackie, he had to ask Jackie to endure racism during the game and in his team. And he decided to just ignore the insult. And last, he became the players for the Dodgers. He was the only African American baseball player in Major League. Because he was black, most of the teammates were not supportive.
Together with local community leaders, King produced and distributed nearly 7,000 leaflets persuading blacks to completely avoid riding to buses work, town, school, or elsewhere. Instead, people should take cabs, carpool, or walk. King was worried that the boycott was unethical, would turn violent, or would intimidate blacks However the boycott was succsessful with nearly 100% participation... ... middle of paper ... ...not yet become a total reality. African Americans have gained some social equality, however; blacks have not been fully recognized as an accepted group of people in the American society. Also, African Americans continue to struggle against stereotypes placed upon them because of the poverty in the inner cities.
The government kicked them off the high horse to the ground, and as a Black Nation we jumped back on the saddle and rode on to victory. Dr. King started with the Civil Rights Movement, and from there he kept on going. This movement started with a phone call about Rosa Parks being arrested for not surrendering her seat to a white bus rider. King and other leaders felt that a protest of some kind was needed. A meeting in the community was called, they agreed that the only way to fight back would be to boycott the bus company.
The sit-in movement also showed clearly to whites and blacks alike that young blacks were determined to reject segregation openly. After the sit-ins, some SNCC members joined in the 1961 Freedom Rides organized by CORE. The Freedom Riders, both black and white, traveled throughout the South in buses to test the effectiveness of a 1960 Supreme Court decision. This decision had declared that segregation was illegal in bus stations that were open to interstate travel. The national civil rights leadership decided to keep pressure on both the Congress and the Kennedy administration to pass the civil rights legislation proposed by Kennedy by planning a March on Washington for August 1963.
Coming of Age In Mississippi The 1950’s and 1960’s remains the most controversial and momentous decades for the nation to this day. The civil rights movement was to end racial segregation and end all prejudice against African Americans. Whether it was voting rights, rights to sit wherever one liked, or to love someone outside of one's race; racist people at this time were reluctant to have equality. These civil rights movements challenged and demanded to be heard through protest and nonviolent activity. However, these protests never were noted and were completely shut down by authorities and other racist bystanders.
She was bailed out of jail by president, Edgar Nixon, of the NAACP. After hearing about what occurred to Rosa Parks, the black community formed a boycott of Montgomery’s bus system. “Calling themselves the Montgomery Improvement Association, they chose a young minister named Martin Luther King, Jr., to lead the struggle f... ... middle of paper ... ...d so much in addition to risked their lives to make a change to segregation. “What began with such hope and promise soon gave way to deep suspicion and despair, as Americans reeled from one crisis to another” (Ayers, Gould, Oshinsky, Soderlund, p. 793). African American fought hard to put an end to segregation and discrimination.
The movement’s objectives included the eradication of racial segregation and discrimination. There was a call for Black Americans to organize against their oppressors and demand opportunity (Document E). Desegregation of schools and public facilities was fundamental to establishing equality. Boycotts of public facilities took place in response to discriminatory behaviors. The Montgomery Bus Boycott began after Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person on a bus.
King led millions of African Americans to protest as an act of civil disobedience and economic boycott. King approach of a non-violent movement was inspired by the Indian Leader Mahatma Gandhi. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, the riots and the sit-ins were all examples of non-violent protest. In 1955, Rosa Parks a black woman refused to give up her