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The Impact Of Quebec Nationalism In Canada

Powerful Essays
4.3. Ethnic Cleavages
Scholars largely debate cultural diversity as a cause of decentralization. “The provincial governments are strong in Canada because Canadians have distinctive needs and interests that cannot be accommodated within a single national government, and also because of Canadians actually want strong provincial governments and a relatively weak federal one” (Stevenson, “Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations” 90). This argument was strategically counter argued by sociologist John Porter in The Vertical Mosaic. “Even if it were true, it would not necessarily explain the power exercised by provincial governments” (Stevenson, “Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations, 91).
4.4. Quebec Nationalism
Quebec nationalism has played an important role in strengthening centrifugal forces of Canadian federalism. “Quebec’s example has encouraged other provinces to challenge federal authority, using some of the same arguments and tactics developed by Quebec” (Stevenson, “Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations” 91). Federal initiatives, such as the promotion of francophones into public office, created an anti-federal and anti-Quebec backlash. This backlash has been advantageous to the campaign of other provincial politicians who favour a decentralized government. Contemporary federal governments “have tried to appease Quebec nationalism by transferring federal powers and responsibilities not just to Quebec, but to all of the provinces” (Stevenson, “Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations” 91).
4.5. Uneven Economic Development
An official ranking of interprovincial disparities of wealth and income hardly changed since the 1920s. The importance of natural resources to the Canadian economy reinforced the power of provinc...

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