He indicated that a foreign language may provide greater distance afar the intuition in thinking process, is because it is less grounded in the emotion system than a native tongue is. His research has found even when people fully comprehend the meaning of taboo words, reprimands, expressions of love, and advertisement slogans, they react to them less emotionally in a foreign language (Ayciceği & Harris, 2004; Dewaele, 2004; Harris, Aycicegi, & Gleason, 2003; Puntoni, de Langhe, & van Osselaer, 2009). The reduced emotional response diminishes an individual’s reliance on his intuition and affection in thinking process, and thus pushes people to rely more on their systematic and analytic process. Further leads to a more rational thinking in decision making process. Favreau & Segalowitz (1983) provided a more cognitive theory behind the Enhanced-Systematicity.
The classification models are made capable of distinguishing maturity levels: at least one with normal and other with abnormal brain maturity , . The established methodo... ... middle of paper ... ...heir impact on the outcome is negligible. On the contrary, when the number of weak attributes is large, the disproportion in models becomes significant. Therefore we could improve the BMA results by reducing the disproportional sampling. In this research we aim to explore whether discarding the models using weak EEG attributes will reduce the bias in the assessment of brain maturity.
(317 words) Importance of contextual learning in memory recall It is clear that learning with given context assists memory retention in the long run such as having pre-requisite information to guide them in processing new information. Without previous knowledge, new information can result in incomplete or shallow processing and therefore confuse the individual who cannot comprehend the meaning and be unable to understand. As highlighted in Bransford & Johnson (1972), when prior relevant information (e.g. a picture) was presented to participants, they became better at comprehending than another group which had not been presented a picture. The passage did not make sense without the picture providing context so as expected the other group had
A chi-square test of association at a significance level of p=0.05 revealed that the experimental hypothesis was accepted and the null hypothesis rejected. The data collected illustrated that having larger pupils increases the attractiveness and that constricted pupils made us less attractive. The implications of this study, its limitations and suggestions of follow up studies will be further discussed. Introduction Arousal affects the body in many ways. It relaxes the bronchi, strengthens the heartbeat, inhibits activity in the digestive system, contracts the blood vessels and dilated pupils.
It also works through the psychological reactance theory. Scarcity is one of Robert Cialdini's greatest shortcuts that he used in his book called Influence: Science and Practice, although it has defense tactics that can be used in order to defend us through manipulated means. Scarcity works as we give more value to opportunities that are less availabe as it is adaptive because usually if something is limited then it is better. First of all, I would like to explain how scarcity is limited with number, time, access, and information. People tend to like products that are limited as this tactic adds more value to a product by reducing the availability of it.
In the case where attention is withdrawn, we tend to refer back to highly practiced traits available in the given moment. This study provides further evidence that affective distractors can be mediated with attentional change in inducing desirable response. Furthermore, distractors can lead to more superficial forms of social perception. They concluded attention may have a more significant role than emotion, such as threat, in moderating perceptions of the self. They further stated that self-presentation under emotional arousal is short lived, once attention is fully recovered, a more controlled cognitive processes takes over, and the heightened tendency to represent the self in positive light diminishes.
However, this only applies if the similar characteristic is something that an individual values within them self. Leshikar & Gutchess (2015) investigated how similarity to the self influenced memory for impressions of others. To investigate this hypothesis, two experiments were undertaken in which participants formed impressions while examining faces associated with certain traits and behaviours. Participants then rated then rated the traits allowing impression memory to be influenced. It was concluded that participants were more successful at associating similar traits to positive impressions, and were less successful at associating similar traits to negative impressions.
Digital technology has allowed for far more possibilities for productivity than traditional methods before. Digital technology has given people the power to express themselves via blogs, social media sites, pictures, and other user-friendly programs. Digital technology has come a long way and constantly is being improved everyday. Due to the rising surge in digital technology, traditional mass media producers have changed to accommodate the trend of using digital technology. Traditional mass media producers have found that using digital communication allows for far greater possibilities.
How would this extra charge influence individuals’ decision-making strategy? Research indicates that maximizers tend to make better decisions than satisfiers but feel worse and less satisfied with their decision (Iyengar, Wells, and Schwartz 2006). Yet, the intention of a hold option is to enable customers to r... ... middle of paper ... ...lee and Wicklund (1980) suggested that the more important the freedom, the more the tendency to be free from being threatened, and the more they would feel regretful after their decisions. It suggests that people who value their freedom to choose would increase their liking of the non-chosen alternatives, and in turn feel more regretful after decision. As a result, maximizers are more likely to regret in the presence of scarcity than do satisficers.
They are just as valuable as positive emotions, if not more valuable. If a person is too trusting, it can lead to them being stuck in dangerous situations. Negative emotions also cause slower processing, which allows the mind to pay more attention to the faint aspects of any given situation. Coauthors of the article “A Balanced Psychology and a Full Life,” Martin E.P. Seligman, Acacia C. Parks, and Tracy Steen, state, “Even if we were asymptotically successful at removing depression, anxiety, and anger, that would not result in happiness” (Seligman etal.