Introduction Contemporary Human Resource Management (HRM) is a organizational function that encompasses recruiting, motivating and retaining people. It focuses on the people aspect, in order to ensure that the employees are used in an effective and efficient manner to accomplish organization’s objectives. It is done through a set of well-designed management systems. Traditional personnel, administration, and transactional roles of HRM are being outsourced increasingly. HRM’s main role is to zoom into how employees can be utilized strategically and impact the business with measurable.
When we conduct a job analysis, we need to differentiate whether a task is an associated process or if it is an actual procedure. We also need to analyze and synthesize what particular functions within the organization consist of processes. This involves a deep understanding of how the specific phase of each process is linked to the tasks. Well-defined and designed processes can dictate the quality of performance and overall work flow. Designating and documenting processes can set a benchmark from which workers and organizations can flourish.
Strategic planning is a crucial factor for the achievement of any organization. This essay touches on the definition, purpose, function and components of strategic planning. Organizations must be knowledge concerning strategic planning and the ways it can aid their operation. The performance of employees, the usefulness of plans and efficiency of resources are all affected by the strategy an organization selects to follow. There are many resources like articles to help an organization get started on the process.
All the managers must develop goals that are supportive in the over all strategy of the organization. Organizing involves determining the tasks to be done, which will do them, and how those tasks will be managed and coordinated. Managers of an organization have to put a work team together so that proper information, resources, and tasks can flow properly and efficiently in an organization. Managers should be able to lead the members of their work groups toward the accomplishment of the organization’s goals. Leading is defined as motivating and directing the members of the organization so that they contribute to the achievement of the goals of the organization.
(George & Jones, 2005) Planning involves establishing the organizations strategy and deciding how to best allocate and use resources to achieve organizational goals. Through organizing, managers establish a structure of relationships that dictates how members of an organization work together to achieve the organization's goals. Leading involves encouragement from managers for workers to do a good job and coordinate individuals and groups so that everyone is working to achieve the organizations goals. (George & Jones, 2005) A manager must use these skills to address numerous areas, including: - The Management of Ability - Organizational Commitment - Job Satisfaction - Organizational Ethics The Management of Ability For managers, the key issue regarding ability is to ensure that employees have the abilities they need to perform their jobs effectively. There are three ways to manage ability in organizations to ensure this happens; selection, placement, and training.
The major responsibility of HR managers is to think about their employees, their work relationships, their feelings and emotions, and their ideas and differences. That is why the Human Resource Management is important in an organization. Human Resource Management is a management function that tries to accomplish the organization’s requirements to the skills and abilities of its workers. In this organizational world, people are bounded by organizations and doing their roles as members, employees, managers or customers. They spend most of their time in an organization in order to supply the goods and services to other people outside the organization.
In these organizations, managers mainly are responsible to supervising the work performance of the group members and deciding the use of resources to achieve the organization¡¦s goal. Management can be simply defined as ¡§getting things accomplished through other people¡¨. Management is then the term describe the work done by the manager, which are planning, organizing, leading and controlling the use of human and other resources, in order to help the organization to achieve a higher organization performance. Planning is to define to goals or targets of the organization and devising action plans to meet organization goals. Organizing is to determine what tasks should be done, arrange jobs to subordinates, controlling the budgeting and divided tasks to individuals or teams.
This study discusses how the various parts of the human resource system is used, aligned and supported in an organization. Those various parts include: job design issues, training and recruitment activities, selection approaches, performance appraisal systems, promotion systems, pay part and general supervisory styles. Human resource management (HRM) according to Ivancevich and Konopaske (2013) is the “function performed in organizations that facilitates the most effective use of people (employees) to achieve organizational and individual goals” (p. 4). It deals with issues and concerns related to employees such as hiring and firing, training and employee motivation, administration, communication, compensation and benefits, performance evaluations and management, health, wellness and the safety of both employees and employers. Regardless the magnitude of the HRM department, it is an analytical factor of each employee’s well being.
Management is defined as those individuals in an organization that have the authority and the responsibility to manage the organization through the control of production processes and ensuring that they operate efficiently and effectively. Leadership is defined as the skills and ability to set future goals in accordance with the organizational goals and to communicate those goals to other employees in such a way that they voluntarily and harmoniously work together to accomplish those goals for the benefit of the organization. In this paper, I will differentiate between management and leadership. Any organization needs to be managed, even a one-person company has to be managed. A manager has four key responsibilities: 1) planning, 2) organizing, 3) leading, and 4) controlling.
There are basic functions all managers perform which are planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling. These represent what is often called the management process. Staffing, personnel management, or human resource management is the function for the organization to focus on today's workforce environment. It includes activities like recruiting, selecting, training, compensating, appraising, and developing. The functions of human resource department in an organization are ideally aimed to ensure there is recruitment of employees, compensation for their services, helping them perform their tasks and solving different problems that arise during work in order to optimize business profitability through their performance.